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Roland TR-808 Drum Machine Drum machine used today Defined the “sound” of Hip Hop for many years Replaced drummers/live musicians Kanye West named his 4thalbum 808s & HeartBreak Electro-Funk Afrika Bambaataa oBorn: Kevin Donovan, April 19, 1957 oOrigin: South Bronx, NYC oKnown as “The Father of Electro Funk” oCreated Electro Funk, a style of ‘funk’ driven by synthesizers and the electronic rhythm of TR-808 drum machine 2
oThe single “Planet Rock” serves as the archetype for Electro Funko“Planet Rock” was later sampled by Talib Kweli on “We Got The Beat” Jonzun Crew oMembers: Michael Jonzun, Maurice Starr, Soni Jonzun oOrigin: Boston, Mas oInspired by the sci-fi themes present in the music of Parliament Funkadelic oUsed live musicians to play synthesizers versus programming synthesizers and live drummers in conjunction w/ drum machines Newcleus oMembers: Ben “Cozmo D” Cenac, Yvette “Lady E” Cook, MoniqueAngevin, Bob “Chilly B” Crafton oOrigin: Brooklyn, NYC oHelped bring Electro-Funk to wider audience oFirst single, “Jam-On Revenge” entered the Billboard R&B Top 40 chart in 1983o“Jam On It” reached the Top Ten, while also peaking t number 56in the Hot 100The Roxanne Wars Refers to a series of “answer” or “diss tracks” released in the mid-1980s dealing w/ a fictitious woman named Roxanne. Due to the sheer scale of this phenomenon, it set the stage for what would become an integral, though extremely hazardous part of Hip Hop, the idea of disses, etc. In 1984, U.T.F.O. released “Roxanne, Roxanne” a hit song about a fictitious woman That same year, Lolita S.