The shift in the question is the primary focus of two

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n emergency situation”. The shift in the question is the primary focus of two psychologists, John Darley and B i bb Latané, and their classic study (1968) of the bystander effect. The b ysta nder effect is a phenomenon defined by Darley and Latané that the presence of bystanders has an impact on an individual’s likelihood of helping a victim in an emergency situation ( Cieciura, 2016). Circumstances of Lack of Helping Behavior Darley and Latané focused on three situational determinants for not enacting help in emergency situations. The presence of bystanders has an effect of reactio ns, or the lack of, from an individual which determines the likelihood of helping someone. These circumstances can
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SHORTENED TITLE UP TO 50 CHARACTERS 4 result in diffusion of responsibility, diffusion of blame, and assuming of another is taking action (Darley and Latané, 1968). Diffusion of responsibility. An individual does not take action, or responsibility (regardless out of concern for personal safety, public embarrassment, law enforcement involvement, or desires “not to get involved”) because a large group of other people are present (Sockolov, 2017). Specifically, as the number of onlookers increases, the less likely it is that any single bystander will help (Cieciura, 2016). Darley and Latané based this circumstance on two theories. The first theory is the belief that someone else who is present will take action, and the second theory is the belief that an individual does not feel personally responsible for inaction because there are so many people present (Sockolov, 2017). As a result, no one helps. Diffusion of blame. The blame can be shared by all bystanders of the group if a group is responsible for lack of helping behavior (Bickman, 1969). If there is only one bystander, the individual will suffer blame for not helping the victim (Darley and Latané, 1968). Additionally,
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