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Issue of veterans being disenfranchised and trauma that didn’t have any support or inclusion from society●Led to feelings of anger●Felt they fought for their country and didn’t have and acceptance when returning▪Austrian born German -- Adolf Hitler●Wounded in battle and won few medals for bravery and valor●Failed artist●Missed admission and then flunked the test●Living off of very small inheritance and then lived in homeless shelter●WWI gave him purpose●Like other veterans -- returned to Germany w/o any appreciation●Going to channel this anger and lead a movement to lead Germany back to its glory days▪National-Socialism Party (Nazism)●Extreme nationalism
●Define national community based on race and language (German speaking people)●To bring all German-speaking people into the same territory that were currently scattered under the same nazi-led govt.●Justification for this used by Hitler to grab land where German people live, to form a German nation●Nation is end goal●Embrace of agrarianism instead of capitalism●Party deeply suspicious about capitalism, believe it should serve nation●Necessary evil b/c most Germans belonged on land to be harvesting●Believed Germans needed more land to farm --> need to expand●To expand eastward into lands of Slavic people --> justify grabbing territory by saying Slavic are racially inferior●Scientific racism●Us vs them mentality b/c of extreme nationalism●Scientific ability to be identified as German race --> also need to identify those who aren't German●Doctors were trying their best to scientifically identify the Aryan race and who didn’t belong●Encouraged natalist policy --> women encouraged to birth and strengthen the race and nation●Non-Aryan races restricted from giving birth and avoiding all inter-marriage b/w Jews and other races●Anti-intellectualism●Rejecting intellectual cultivation●Burning books●Jewish writers considered dangerous and burned their books in public●Nazis featured doing physical activity -- not about critically thinking things but rather about progressing physically and doing something about it●Weimar Republic culture is decadent and it shouldn’t matter●Vision of art was very traditional and classical●German mythology●Glorifies German nation -- art becomes propaganda●Degenerate art exhibition -- art that shouldn’t be allowed --> try to educate public about what's acceptable German art ●Anti-Semitism ●Present in all other aspects●German-Jewish population was singled out to be enemies of the state and of the German nation●Doctors trying to scientifically identify the German heritage vs Jewish heritage ●In the eyes of Nazi propagandists●Jews living in the cities, actively involved in capitalism●Out for their personal wealth●Away from German nation
●More Jewish intellectuals weren't investing into the German nation according to them●