Zdhc 2014 roadmap to zero discharge of hazardous

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ZDHC. (2014). Roadmap to Zero Discharge of Hazardous Compounds (ZDHC) [WWW Document]. . Accessed 1 June 2014. Will Clothing Be Sustainable? Clarifying Sustainable Fashion 45
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Sustainability in the Textile and Fashion Industries: Animal Ethics and Welfare Miguel Á ngel Gardetti Abstract There is no doubt that the textile (and fashion) industry is important for the economy; however, taking into account the concept of sustainability, this industry many times actually most times operates to the detriment of environ- mental and social factors. John R. Ehrenfeld de fi nes sustainability as the possi- bility that humans and other life will fl ourish on the earth forever (Ehrenfeld and Hoffman 2013 , p. 7). This notion of sustainability is not only a concern for people and the environment, but also for animals. Besides environmental and social issues, more than 50 million animals suffer cruel death each year to bene fi t the fashion industry (Born Free USA 2014 ). The purpose of this chapter is to make a contri- bution to the animal care agenda in the textile and fashion industry by presenting the United Nations Global Compact Code of Conduct for the Textile and Fashion Industry and Ovis 21 case a company from the Argentine Patagonia, that is a B Corp and Savory Institute Hub company, but a company in which People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) discovered cruelty to animals in one of their establishments. This also puts forward the reactions of two of its most important clients, the media and consumers. This chapter closes with an analysis and some conclusions about the topic and Ovis 21 case. Keywords Sustainability Á Animal ethics and welfare Á UN Global Compact Á Code of Conduct and Manual for the Fashion and Textile Industry: the First Sectorial Initiative of the Global Compact Á Ovis 21 M. Á . Gardetti ( & ) The Center for Studies on Sustainable Luxury, Av. San Isidro 4166, Ground Floor A , C1429ADP Buenos Aires, Argentina e-mail: [email protected] URL: © Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017 S.S. Muthu (ed.), Textiles and Clothing Sustainability , Textile Science and Clothing Technology, DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-2182-4_2 47
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1 Introduction Because of the size of the sector and the historical dependence of clothing manu- facture on cheap labor, the clothing and textile industry is subject to intense political scrutiny and has been signi fi cantly shaped by international trade agreements. Estimating the number of people that work in these sectors is extremely dif fi cult because of the number of small fi rms and subcontractors active in the area, as well as the dif fi culty in drawing boundaries between sectors (Allwood et al. 2006 ). According to statistics from the United Nationals Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Industrial Statistics Database (INDSTAT), around 26.5 million people work in the clothing and textiles sector worldwide (International Labour Organization ILO 2006 ).
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  • Sustainable fashion, Sandra Roos

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