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42.The generally accepted view about the direction of bilateral transfer between two limbs is that it is43.The amount of bilateral transfer from the preferred to the non-preferred limb is greater than from the non-preferred to the preferred limb.44.Bilateral transfer can be related to the concept of the generalized motor program (GMP) because muscle selection in performing a skill is45.One of the reasons for negative transfer is the initial cognitive confusion that occurs when a personmust make a different movement in a familiar environmental context.
KIN 315Fall 20095PART II: SHORT ANSWERAnswer each question as accurately and concisely as possible. If you need more space, continue on the back of the page. Each question is worth five points.1.InLab 6 – Working Memory, what did the AE and CE scores indicate about the effects of the different retention interval conditions on the remembering of line drawing lengths? Be specific about what each type of error score indicates and what your data showed. a.2.What is the meaning of automaticityas it relates to attention and the performance of motor skills?Now give an example to explain your answer to the question above.a.
KIN 315Fall 200963.In Lab 4 you studied bimanual coordination, simultaneously drawing lines or circles with both hands. Which of the four conditions were easiest and hardest to perform? How did the data support this answer? Why is this? a.4.Name and explain the primary causes of forgetting in working memory and in long-term memory.a.
KIN 315Fall 200975.What five performance characteristics typically characterize the learning of a skill? Give an example of each for someone learning the motor skill you chose to focus on for this class.a.6.How does Gentile’s learning stages model differ from the Fitts and Posner model? How does her model relate specifically to learning open and closed skills?a.Gentile’s learning:
KIN 315Fall 200987.List and define four performer or performance changes that research has shown to occur as a person progresses through the stages of learning a motor skill. Define a performer characteristic that does notchange across the stages of learninga.8.What is the difference between positive transfer and negative transfer? What are two reasons proposed to explain why positive transfer occurs? For each of these, give a motor skill example.