Pleasure is desired so pleasure is desirable

This preview shows page 2 - 4 out of 4 pages.

If something is desired, then it is desirable. Pleasure is desired. So pleasure is desirable. Something is good just in the case that it is desirable. So pleasure is good. criticisms: Desirable and visible are not analogous to one another. Mill implies that desirable things aren’t able to be desired, they ought to be desired. Needs step: “If you ought to do it, then it must be good. Epicurus asserts that all human beings should rid themselves of the irrational fear of death, and that “the absence of pain in the body and of trouble in the soul” is the ultimate good. This means that the only thing that is bad for us is pain. Death neither involves pleasure nor pain, so it is neither good nor bad— it is simply nothing. Through this statement, Epicurus makes the metaphysical implication that during death, our very existence and sentience is no more. We may fear the pain associated with the process of dying, or the moment of death, but not death itself, because it is only during life that we experience a state of being. Arguments against Hedonism: Paradox of Hedonism ­ If happiness is the only thing that directly makes us better off, then it is rational to single­mindedly pursue it. It isn’t rational to do that. Therefore, happiness isn’t the only thing that directly makes us better off. ­problem w/ 1st premise: the direct pursuit of good things sometimes prevents us from getting them. Even if happiness is the greatest good, it may be irrational to aim for it directly. ­this argument doesn’t challenge the idea that happiness is the only intrinsic good. It just tells us that aiming directly for happiness is irrational. Evil pleasures ­ If hedonism is true, then happiness that comes from evil deeds is as good as happiness the comes from kind deeds. Happiness that comes from evil deeds is not as good as happiness that comes from kind deeds. Therefore, hedonism is false. ­problem: hedonism emphasizes the benefits of acquiring happiness for oneself, whether it may be derived from vicious or virtuous deeds. The same amount of happiness, no matter its source, is equivalent. Reject 2nd premise. Two worlds ­ If hedonism is true, then any 2 situations containing identical amounts of happiness and unhappiness are equally good. Some such situations are not equally good; some are better than others. Therefore, hedonism is false. ­problem w/ 1st: hedonism doesn’t tell us how to determine the value of a world/situation, but rather what makes a life good for the person who lives it.
Image of page 2

Subscribe to view the full document.

False happiness ­ If hedonism is true, then our lives go well to the extent that we are happy. It’s not the case that our lives go well to the extent that we are happy; those whose happiness is based on false beliefs have worse lives than those whose happiness is based on true beliefs, even if both lives are equally happy. Therefore, hedonism is false.
Image of page 3
Image of page 4
  • Fall '11
  • JOHNDREHER
  • desires

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern