i.The rules of etiquette are prescriptions for socially acceptable behaviorj.Not necessarily immoralk.Black and white eat together16. Four kinds of law= statutes, regulations, common law, and constitutional lawa.Statutes are laws enacted by legislative bodiesi.Defines and prohibits reckless driving on the highway is a statute(법령)ii.Congress and state legislatures enact statutes.iii.Laws enacted by local governing bodies such as city councils are usually termed ordinances.b.Administrative regulationsi.Do not exceed the board’s statutory powers and do not conflict with other kinds of law, they are legally binding.c.Common law= the body of judge-made law that first developed in the English-speaking world centuries ago when there were few statutes.i.Each of these opinions became a precedent for later decisions in similar casesd.Constitutional law= to court rulings on the requirements of the constitution and the constitutionality of legislation.i.The u.s. constitution empowers the courts to decide whether laws are compatible with the constitution.e.Legality and morality are different things.f.Breaking the law is not always or necessarily immoral.g.On the other hand, the legality of an action does not quarantee that it is morally right.i.Action can be illegal but morally right= helping a Jewish family to hide from the Nazis was against German law.1.But even if they are right about that, the fact that something is illegal does not trump all other moral considerations.2.Nonconformity to law is not always immoral3.Dr. Martin Luther King, Jrii.Legal can be morally wrong1.Chairman of a profitable company2.See an accident victim sitting on the side of the road needing medical assistance.
h.Morality must be distinguished from etiquette(rules for well-mannered behavior), from law(statutes, regulations, common law, and constitutional law), and from professional codes of ethics (the special rules governing the members of a profession)i.Law= codifes a society’s customs, ideals, norms, and moral values.17. Professional codes of ethics= supposed to govern the conduct of members of a given profession.a.Professors should not date their studentsb.Written rules are so vague and gernal as to be of little value, and often they amount to little more than self-promotion by the professional organization.c.Neither a complete nor a completely reliable guide to one’s moral obligations18. Moral standards come from?a.moral principles we accept= early upbringing, behavior of those around us, the explicit and implicit standards of our culture, our own experiences, and our critical reflections on those experiences.b.Ethical relativism= right and wrong are only a function of what a particular society takes to be right and wrong.
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- Spring '13