and incorporates bamboo pipes used as percussion instruments. The last dance in this suite is the Tinikling; a dancethat copies the movements of the long-legged Tikling bird which hops over the traps set by farmers among the ricestalks. When Philippine dancers do this dance, they hop over bamboo poles in complicated and highly coordinatedleaps while the poles are being clashed together and slapped to the floor beneath them. The Tinikling is a playfulcourtship dance, as are most indigenous dances, that becomes more complicated as it progresses. Tiniklingoriginated from the islands of Leyte and is the official Philippine national dance.The costumes in this suite are theBalintawak which is a floor length dress with stiff butterfly sleeves and a vividly colored overskirt that matches thesleeves. The men wear colorful shirts called Camisa de Chinos. Props for these dances usually include an oil lampcalled a Tinggoy, and wooden clogs called Bakya.
The Maria Clara DanceMaria Clara is a legendary figure in the Philippines who symbolizes the virtues and nobility of the upstanding Filipinawoman. She was the main female character in a literary piece by Jose Rizal about the colonizing of the Philippinesby the Spaniards. A style of dance and dress was created in honor of her and portrays its Spanish influence. TheMaria Clara dress is formal attire made of an intricately designed blouse and a flowing skirt with a panuelo (square ofnatural fibers) worn over he shoulders. While men are in a Barong Tagalog which is a traditional Filipino shirt typicallymade of pineapple fibers with long sleeves and detailed embroidery. Props for this dance are bamboo castanetsand the abanico (Asian fan). This suite consists of many different dances that mean different things to the Philippineculture.Igorot DanceThe Igorot are a Philippine tribal people living in the central cordillera area of Northern Luzon. The six different tribes,known collectively as the Igorot, are the: Apayao, Bontoc, Ibaloy, Ifugao, Kalinga, and Kankanay. These peoplesprefer to be referred to by their separate tribal names rather than simply as Igorot which was the classification wordascribed to them by the Spaniards. These tribes have religious beliefs in common that conjoin them to nature. Theyalso honor household gods with special offerings. Dance is performed at their ceremonies as an expression ofcommunity harmony, as appeasement to their gods, in honor of their ancestors, to heal sickness, to attain the supportof their gods for upcoming wars, to keep bad luck away, to seek deliverance from natural disasters, to insure aplentiful harvest, pleasant weather and to celebrate the circle of life. In these dances, women place jars and/orbaskets on their heads to demonstrate the role of women in the community as food gatherers and water fetchers. Forthe men, there is the Manmanok dance where they use bright, woven blankets to attract the women, and the Takilingwhere the men dance and chant while they beat on their gangsa, brass gongs, to demonstrate their skill in weaponsand hunting.