Art 101 Assignment 9 11-28-17.docx

Stone and masonry buildings the walls at the bottom

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stone and masonry buildings the walls at the bottom have to be thick enough at the bottom to support everything above them. This was a problem and this is what led to steel, and building skyscrapers using steel. This meant the walls were smaller but still supported the building. In the video, it credits the “Dumpy” building to being the first skyscraper which used steel. Steel does not snap like iron. This technology that was developed in Chicago eventually made its way to New York. From 1876 to 1906 New York had a commercial expansion that lead to a lot of buildings that were 20 to 30 stories and made them taller than the church’s that had dominated the skyline. New York’s most famous early skyscraper was the Flat Iron Building which was built in 1902. It was fit onto a parcel of land that made it look like a flat iron. This lead to the invention known as the passenger elevator. This was a technology that was crucial to building up. It is said a building will go as high as the elevator wire will take it. The Singer Building was then the new tallest building it stretched 600 feet in the air and could be seen from all over New York City. The gothic style of the Woolworth building in New York would go on to attract visitors every day. However, the crude nature of commercialism would leave the buildings such as the Woolworth building and transfer the skyscraper into buildings that could offer as many as many offices as possible. This led to the skyscraper that was built by the Equitable is 1915, and this building would change skyscrapers in New York and other places for years. See this building that was built by the Equitable was so big that on the streets below it blocked the sunlight. People complained about this and regulations were put in place that skyscrapers had to be set back so they would let in sunlight and air. The building that was built by the Equitable fit in a million square feet of office space but it also made the streets down below dark and left the air very stale.
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