Hi ệ n t ? i her father supports her finance

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+ Hi n t i Her father supports her finance otherwise she couldn't conduct these experiments (But she can with her father's support). + Quá kh : I used a computer, otherwise I would have taken longer with these calculations (But
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 83 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng he didn't take any longer). *L ư u ý: Trong ti ế ng Anh thông t c (colloquial English) ng ườ i ta dùng or else ñể thay th ế cho otherwise . 23.4.9 Provided/Providing that : V i ñ i u ki n là, mi n là ( = as long as) You can camp here providing that you leave no mess. 23.4.10 Suppose/Supposing = What ... if : Gi s .... thì sao, N ế u ..... thì sao. Suppose the plane is late? = What (will happen) if the plane is late? L ư u ý : * Suppose còn có th ñượ c dùng ñể ñư a ra l i g i ý. Suppose you ask him = Why don't you ask him. * L ư u ý thành ng : What if I am?: Tao th ế thì ñ ã sao nào? (mang tính thách th c) 23.4.11 If only + S + simple present/will + verb = hope that: hi v ng r ng If only he comes in time. If only he will learn harder for the test next month. 23.4.12 If only + S + simple past/past perfect = wish that (Câu ñ /k không th c = giá mà) If only he came in time now. If only she had studied harder for that test 23.4.13 If only + S + would + V : + Di n ñạ t m t hành ñộ ng không th x y ra hi n t i If only he would drive more slowly = we wish he drove more slowly. + Di n ñạ t m t ướ c mu n vô v ng v t ươ ng lai: If only it would stop raining. 23.4.14 Immediately = as soon as = the moment (that) = the instant that = directly: ngay l p t c/ ngay khi mà Tell me immediatly (=as soon as) you have any news. Phone me the moment that you get the results. I love you the instant (that) I saw you. Directly I walked in the door I smelt smoke. 24. Câu b ñộ ng (passive voice) Trong ti ế ng Anh, ng ườ i ta r t hay dùng câu b ñộ ng. Khác v i câu ch ñộ ng ch ng th c hi n hành ñộ ng, trong câu b ñộ ng ch ng nh n tác ñộ ng c a hành ñộ ng. Câu b
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 84 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng ñộ ng ñượ c dùng khi mu n nh n m nh ñế n ñố i t ượ ng ch u tác ñộ ng c a hành ñộ ng h ơ n là b n thân hành ñộ ng ñ ó. Th i c a ñộ ng t câu b ñộ ng ph i tuân theo th i c a ñộ ng t câu ch ñộ ng. N ế u là lo i ñộ ng t có 2 tân ng , mu n nh n m nh vào tân ng nào ng ườ i ta ñư a tân ng ñ ó lên làm ch ng nh ư ng thông th ườ ng ch ng h p lý c a câu b ñộ ng là tân ng gián ti ế p.
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