Role-of-advocacy-against-child-labour.pdf

113 anppcan and child labour anppcan a pan african

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1.1.3 ANPPCAN and Child Labour ANPPCAN, a pan-African child rights organization was registered in Kenya as an International NGO in 1995. Before that year it had been registered as a society since 1988, but had to be transformed into an NGO with the introduction of the NGO Act in 1993. ANPPCAN has a number of Chapters spread over Africa with its headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya. According to the NGO Act, all NGOs registered in Kenya are supposed to either fund or undertake activities. ANPPCAN’s headquarters, better known as ANPPCAN Regional Office, decided to seek resources and provide selective services related to issues affecting children. The activities being undertaken in Kenya are limited and only started after undertaking studies to provide evidence and guidance regarding the areas to be addressed. The strategies the Regional Office uses are mainly research, awareness-raising, advocacy, capacity- building and alliance-building or partnerships. All this is aimed at preventing and responding to cases and situations of child abuse and neglect, as well as exploitation of children. As far as ANPPCAN is concerned child labour is what actually created ANPPCAN. Individuals behind ANPPCAN had undertaken a major study on child labour in Kenya and decided to disseminate information in different fora as it was a sensitive issue to address in early 1980s. Most governments in Africa disregarded child labour as an issue of significance to deal with. In fact, political leaders did not accept that child labour existed. Thus, the conference held in Enugu, Nigeria in 1986 whose theme was child labour, simply set an agenda at continental level. It was at this conference that ANPPCAN was founded. The study in Kenya between 1982 and 1985 had revealed that child labour was rampant, but there was total silence. 1 This information was used in different fora as the study was sponsored by World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO used the study to bring in major actors such as the ILO and UNICEF 1 Bwibo, N. O. and Onyango, P. (1987): Final Report to WHO on Child Labour and Health Research, University of Nairobi, Kenya.
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CMI REPORT THE ROLE OF ADVOCACY AGAINST CHILD LABOUR 2015: 2 4 at the international level and was concerned with the effect of child labour on children’s health. The WHO was the first UN organization to adopt a policy on child labour. The International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) used the information to advocate for the prevention and exploitation of children through its huge international congresses. All this spurred the ILO to take action targeting countries where studies were done with further studies on child labour. In 1992, the ILO initiated a programme to address child labour and Kenya was one of those first countries to be selected.
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  • Spring '17
  • Districts of Kenya, Nairobi, Child labour, Ministry of Labour

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