● George Washington (104, 116 TAN) (132 BLUE) ○ George Washington was the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army and the first President of the United States. A Virginian, he had experience commanding forces in the French and Indian war, and had been an early advocate for independence. He was admired, trusted, and respected by Patriots, and provided a symbol of stability during the war effort, able to keep morale up. ● Great fire of New York, 1776(online) ● Hessians (119 TAN) ○ ● Henry Clinton (123 TAN) ○ Henry Clinton was the highest ranking member of the British military engaged in
the revolutionary war. Clinton rose to this position after General Howe retired in 1781. Clinton led a large offensive in the carolinas in 1780, however after Charleston fell he returned to New York. This left General Cornwallis to lead the entire British force which was a task that eventually led to the British defeat at Yorktown. Clinton returned to England expecting praise but instead found hatred and anger. ● Horatio Gates (121 TAN) ○ Horatio gates was a retired British soldier who served as an American general during the American Revolution. Gates was originally a Junior officer in the British army who fought alongside future patriots in the 7 years war. When the revolution came into effect Gates was offered to serve under George Washnigton as a general. He is most well known for his victory at Saratoga and for being part of a plot to replace washington as commander in chief of the army. ● Invasion of Canada (135 BLUE) ○ The Invasion of Canada 1775 was led by Benedict Arnold, a commander of a small American force. Arnold combined forces with Richard Montgomery to take Quebec. Due to the lack of northern colonists allegiance, Canada was unable to join the U.S. ● Iroquois Confederacy (138 BLUE) ○ The Iroquois Confederacy was a tribe that was badly affected by the French and Indian War. They were offered by the British to help defeat the colonists and retain some of the land they lost. However the Confederacy was not fully in support of the British. ● John Locke 1632-1704 (118 TAN) , Prominent work (two treatises on gov) published 1689 ○ John Locke was an English Philosopher in the 17th century. His most important developments include that governments gain legitimacy and status from the consent of the governed, another ideal of his was that all men are born with natural rights. These rights were life, liberty, and property. All men would have the rights when not in civilization, and they must be preserved in any just society. Locke’s ideas played a large role in Enlightenment thought and principles. Locke’s ideas would later be used by the founding fathers in several grund breaking documents, including Thomas Paine’s Common Sense and Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence.
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