Dostoevsky raises the issue that modern urban life

This preview shows 8 out of 10 pages.

Dostoevsky raises the issue that modern urban life will make us sicker and sicker o “Ivan Fyodorovich, much to Smerdyakov’s surprise, suddenly laughed and walked quickly through the gate, still laughing. Anyone seeing his face would certainly have concluded that he was not laughing at all out of merriment. And for the life of him he could not have explained what was happening to him at that moment. He moved and walked as if in spasms” (Dostoevsky 274) o Ivan’s unconscious understands that if he leaves for Moscow he provides the opportunity for his father to be killed, which manifests itself as a deep inner guilt. Ivan cannot go to Chermashnya because, to Ivan, it represents an abandonment of his father, which his unconscious is all too aware of. The city represents a place of denial for Ivan and freedom from his inability to confront his repressed hatred of his father and his embarrassment over his mother. He cannot face his mother, the untamed part of his character, and so he is always in physical transit to escape from this confrontation necessary for him to form any future attachments. o Dostoevsky critique’s modernity as he shows that the city is not the solver of all problems. In fact he implicitly suggests modernity and the isolation that ensues even with better communication causes isolation between the people.
Image of page 8

Subscribe to view the full document.

Baudelaire claims that the dandy is a cry for individuality in the face of a crowd o Baudelaire cries out for the flamboyant clothing seen in savages, which would’ve been seen by Darwin as a sign of a less evolved animal. o However, Baudelaire argues that these “savages” retain a nobility of the soul that is lost in the modern, urban individual. He seems to argue that the modern world has lost its sense of individuality. o He bemoans the fact that the modern world has lost a sense of dignity and honor. The modern individual must face crowds as the modern communion. “What men call love is very small, very limited and very weak, compared to the ineffable orgy, the holy prostitution of the soul that gives itself entirely, poetry and charity, to the unexpected that presents itself, to the unknown passer-by. It’s good sometimes to teach happy people, if only to humiliate them for a moment in their foolish pride, that there exists a better happiness than theirs, a more vast and more refined one” (Baudelaire 72). Baudelaire presents new forms of mental illness in “The Wicked Glass Maker,” the maladies associated with the slightly neurotic urban character. These characters, oppressed within the confines of a concrete jungle, suddenly act out in unexplained fits of action to express emotions that they are forced to conceal in “polite” society. o Baudelaire leaves illness as an open idea, necessary for evaluation. He hands physicians the task of dealing with new forms of mental illness (127), and he is not clear whether illness is a medical or philosophical problem.
Image of page 9
Image of page 10
You've reached the end of this preview.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern