C. The Liberal Republicans 1. The North’s commitment to Reconstruction waned during the 1870s. 2. Some Republicans, alienated from Grant by corruption in his administration, formed the Liberal Republican Party. a. Horace Greeley 3. Liberal Republicans believed that power in the South should be returned to the region’s “natural leaders.” D. The North’s Retreat 1. The Liberal attack on Reconstruction contributed to a resurgence of racism in the North. 2. The 1873 depression also distracted the North from Reconstruction. 3. The Supreme Court whittled away at Congress’s guarantees of black rights. a. Slaughterhouse Cases (1873) b. United States v. Cruikshank (1876) E. The Triumph of the Redeemers 1. Redeemers claimed to have “redeemed” the white South from corruption, misgovernment, and northern and black control. a. Violence occurred in broad daylight. F. The Disputed Election and Bargain of 1877 1. The election between Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican) and Samuel Tilden (Democrat) was very close, with disputed electoral votes from Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina. 2. Congress set up a special Electoral Commission to determine winner of disputed votes. 3. Behind the scenes, Hayes made a bargain to allow southern white Democrats to control the South if his election was accepted. 4. The compromise led to Hayes’s election and the Democrats’ having a free hand in the South. G. The End of Reconstruction 1. Reconstruction ended in 1877. 2. Even while it lasted, however, Reconstruction revealed some tensions inherent in the nineteenth-century discussions of freedom.
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- Fall '18
- Joseph De Leon
- Reconstruction, Southern United States, Ulysses S. Grant, Reconstruction era of the United States, pm Page