E republics endow the people with all political

  • Notes
  • DrRockNarwhal5987
  • 6
  • 100% (1) 1 out of 1 people found this document helpful

Info icon This preview shows pages 3–5. Sign up to view the full content.

e. Republics endow the people with all political authority, not the monarch. Question 7 a. In aristocracies, power and leadership is inherited. But natural aristocracies of talent see value in elevating those of ability, intelligence, achievement, and social standing to positions of power. b. Correct answer. The theory of a natural aristocracy of talent put an end to inherited power, but still embraced a social hierarchy in which a society’s betters—those of elite status and intelligence—were its natural leaders. c. The idea that through hard work, people can achieve is the foundation of a meritocracy—power and rewards as earned—not a natural aristocracy of talent. d. The notion that the good of the majority counts first and foremost was the hallmark of republicanism, but not the definition of a natural aristocracy of talent. e. Paine’s brand of republicanism placed all people on an equal footing; but many colonists weren’t willing to go quite so far, and while they wanted to end monarchies, they wanted to retain social hierarchies in which the best and brightest would lead. Question 8 a. While Henry Lee first stated the goal of independence that the Continental Congress approved, Jefferson’s Declaration listed for the Crown all the reasons for the break, including England’s decision to tax the colonies without their consent. b. The Declaration included the colonists’ dismay at England’s elimination of their right to trial by jury. c. The Declaration lambasted England for establishing a military dictatorship over the colonies. d. Correct answer. While colonists were outraged that England permitted Canada to remain Roman Catholic once it was acquired after the Seven Years’ War, this was not included in the grievances outlined in the Declaration of Independence. e. Colonists were outraged that England had cut off trade and included this in their reasons for severing ties in the Declaration of Independence.
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Question 9 a. Not only were Loyalists wealthy elites, but they tended to be of the older generation, happy with their lot in life and fearful that violent change would make things worse. b. Loyalists truly believed in the supremacy of the British army and thought no army could surpass its might, least of all colonial militias. c. Some Loyalists were British veterans of the Seven Years’ War who relocated to America to take advantage of land and other opportunities. Having fought for England in that war, they had an especially strong allegiance to their homeland. d. New immigrants from the British Isles, Ireland, and Scotland, who tended to be small farmers, resented the plantation elite, whom they associated with the Patriot movement. e. Correct. Thousands of fugitive slaves joined the British cause—even becoming soldiers—in the hopes of securing their freedom, but they were not the majority of all Loyalists.
Image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern