1 st female monarch whose name was recorded ruled for

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1stfemale monarch whose name was recorded, ruled for 2 decades and was the most powerful and prosperous empire in the worldInsisted her father, Thutmose I named her as heir, so when her husband died she named herself as pharaohMost of her portraits were ordered destroyed by Thutmose III, but ones that have remained show her wearing costumes of the male pharaohs. Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut,at Deir-El-Bahri, Egypt, ca. 1473-1458 ( Mid 2ndmillennium BCE)oRises from the valley floor in 3 column-lined terraces that are connected by rampsoIncorporated shrines of Amen, Hathor, her father, Thutmose I, and AnubisoOver 200 statues were inside portraying Hatshepsut in various ways. Abu Simbel ____ New KingdomRock-cut temple of Ramses III Territory acquired by Ahmose I by defeating the HyksosIn 1968 to save the monument from submersion in the Aswan High Dam reservoir the templewas cut into sections and moved 700 feet away
Temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel,Egypt, 2nd millennium BCERock-cut temple of Ramses III Has 4 rock-cut images of Ramses III (seated) on the façade of the temple, due to his pride in his accomplishments. Due to the size of the images (65 feet tall) they lack refinement because the sculptor was focused on size and not detail NB This is a rock-cut templeKarnak _________New KingdomBuilt to honor one or more of the GodsAll had similar axial plansTemple of Amen-Re in Karnak, Egypt,2nd millennium BCEoBuilding began during the Middle Kingdomo247 acre complex that was surrounded by a perimeter wall 39 feet highoHoused an artificial sacred lake to reference the primeval eaters before creation. Sculptureand Painting New Kingdom Period
Senenmut and Nefrura, Egypt (mid 2nd millennium BCE)oBlock statueswere popular during this period (Looking quite modern, aren’t they?)oExpressed an idea that the ka could find an eternal home in the cubic stone image of the deadoMade from granite Tomb of Nebamun (Mural paintings)______________________New KingdomOfficial titles were “scribe and counter of grain”Some of the best-preserved mural paintings. .Mural – a wall painting
Musicians and dancers, mural from the tomb of Nebamun, Thebes, Egypt oRepresents a funerary feast eaten in the tomboOf the 4 seated women, the 2 on the left are represented conventionally but the other 2 are in a frontal poseObserve the painted figure in the fowling scene (above) and tell me which parts of the body are rendered in profileand which front view.Head, pelvis, heaps and legs are presentedin profile(In profile or front view? – Type in)Eyes and upper torso/chest are presentedin frontalAlso note that all figures are not three-dimensional but flat(two-dimensional) NB This particular conventional mannerof rendering of the human figure was initiated in theOld Kingdom and lasted in the ancient world for thousands of years.

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