98%(368)359 out of 368 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 3 - 4 out of 4 pages.
54)Many patients self-medicate with antacids. Which patients should be counseled to not take calcium carbonate antacids without discussing with their providers or a pharmacist first? Patients with kidney stones 55)Josie is a five-year-old who presents to the clinic with a forty-eight-hour history of nausea, vomiting, and some diarrhea. She is unable to keep fluids down, and her weight is 4 pounds less than her last recorded weight. Besides intravenous (IV) fluids, her exam warrants the use of an antinausea medication. Which of the following would be the appropriate drug to order for Josie? Ondansetron (Zofran) 56)Patients who are on chronic long-term PPI therapy require monitoring for: Iron deficiency anemia, vitamin B12, and calcium deficiency 57)Sadie is a seventy-two-year-old who takes omeprazole for her chronic GERD. Chronic long-term omeprazole use places her at increased risk for: osteoporosis 58)Metoclopramide improves GERD symptoms by: Increasing lower esophageal tone 59)Infants with reflux are initially treated with: Anti-reflux maneuvers (elevate the head of the bed)60)Patients with pheochromocytoma should avoid which of the following classes of drugs due to the possibility of developing hypertensive crisis? Beta 2 agonists
61)Harold, a forty-two-year-old African American, has moderate persistent asthma. Which of the following asthma medications should he use cautiously, if at all? Salmeterol, an inhaled long-acting beta-agonist 62)Long-acting beta-agonists received a black box warning from the US Food and Drug Administration due to the: Increased risk of asthma-related deaths when long-acting beta-agonists are used63)Tiotropium bromide (Spiriva) is an inhaled anticholinergic: Used for the treatment of COPD64)Christy has exercise and mild persistent asthma and is prescribed two puffs of albuterol fifteen minutes before exercise and as needed for wheezing. One puff per day of beclomethasone (Qvar) is also prescribed. Teaching regarding her inhalers includes whichone of the following? Beclomethasone needs to be used every day to treat her asthma.65)Montelukast (Singulair) may be prescribed for: A two-year-old with moderate persistent asthma66)Howard is a seventy-two-year-old male who occasionally takes diphenhydramine for his seasonal allergies. Monitoring for this patient takin diphenhydramine would include assessing for: Urinary retention67)Decongestants such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed): Should not be prescribed or recommended for children under four years of age 68)In five- to eleven-year-old children, mild-persistent asthma is diagnosed when asthma symptoms occur: At nighttime three to four times a month 69)Monitoring a patient with persistent asthma includes: Evaluating the patient every one to six months to determine whether the patient needs to step up or down in his or her therapy 70)Education of patients with COPD who use inhaled corticosteroids includes the following:They should rinse their mouths after use.