M ộ t s ố ví d ụ khác v ề th ờ i hi ệ n

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M t s ví d khác v th i hi n t i th ườ ng: They understand the problem now. (stative verb) He always swims in the evening. (habitual action) We want to leave now. (stative verb) The coffee tastes delicious. (stative verb) Your cough sounds bad. (stative verb) I walk to school every day. (habitual action) 3.1.2 Present Progressive (th i hi n t i ti ế p di n) · Dùng ñể di n ñạ t m t hành ñộ ng x y ra vào th i ñ i m hi n t i. Th i ñ i m này ñượ c xác ñị nh c th b ng m t s phó t nh ư : now, rightnow, at this moment. · Dùng thay th ế cho th i t ươ ng lai g n, ñặ c bi t là trong v ă n nói. The president is trying to contact his advisors now . (present time) We are flying to Paris next month . (future time) · Các ñộ ng t tr ng thái (stative verb) b ng sau không ñượ c chia th ti ế p di n (b t c th i nào) khi chúng là nh ng ñộ ng t t ĩ nh di n ñạ t tr ng thái c m giác c a ho t ñộ ng tinh th n ho c tính ch t c a s v t, s vi c.
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 12 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng know believe hear see smell wish understand hate love like want sound have need appear seem taste own Nh ư ng khi chúng quay sang h ướ ng ñộ ng t hành ñộ ng thì chúng l i ñượ c phép dùng th ti ế p di n. He has a lot of books. He is having dinner now. ( ðộ ng t hành ñộ ng: ă n t i) I think they will come in time. I'm thinking of my test tomorrow. ( ðộ ng t hành ñộ ng: ð ang ngh ĩ v ) 3.1.3 Present Perfect (th i hi n t i hoàn thành) Th i hi n t i hoàn thành dùng ñể : (1). Di n ñạ t m t hành ñộ ng x y ra m t th i ñ i m không xác ñị nh trong quá kh . John has traveled around the world. (We don't know when) (2). Ch m t hành ñộ ng x y ra nhi u l n trong quá kh . George has seen this movie three time. (3). M t hành ñộ ng b t ñầ u di n ra trong quá kh và v n còn x y ra hi n t i. John has lived in that house for 20 years. (He still lives there.) = John has lived in that house since 1984. (Gi s hi n nay là 2004) 3.1.3.1 Cách dùng SINCE và FOR: FOR + kho ng th i gian: for three days, for ten minutes, for twenty years ... SINCE + th i ñ i m b t ñầ u: since 1982, since January, ... 3.1.3.2 Cách dùng ALREADY và YET: Already dùng trong câu kh ng ñị nh, already có th ñứ ng ngay sau have và c ũ ng có th ñứ ng cu i câu.
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 13 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng We have already written our reports.
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