Newfoundland over the years - Copy.docx

There was the revision of the criminal code that was

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There was the revision of the criminal code that was done through the Royal Commission. It was later enacted by parliament and it came into force. It provided for a section that allowed for the abolishment of all common law offences. It also sought to remove the offences under the imperial acts and offences that were under all the acts that were done prior to the pre-Confederation. It was made up of statements of general principles that were made up of specific sections to deal with specific offences. It also highlighted the procedure for offering punishment. Despite the implementation of the code, other federal criminal statutes remained in place. They were not abolished. The federal criminal laws were reinforced by a body of provincial laws which can be described as penal. The Constitutional Act assigned jurisdiction to the provinces over various concerns that would include property and civil rights in their provinces. It also allowed for punishment to be imposed on any law being made on the province that was in relation to the matters that would come up. The provinces were allowed to have procedures that were registered in the application of the penal codes. It provided room for the provincial procedural acts to get incorporated into the relevant procedures of the Criminal Code. Newfoundland The province of Newfoundland was incorporated to become part of Canada in 1949 (Justice para 10). It meant that they had to have criminal law changes. They were a resultant of
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Surname 5 the Royal Commission to offer a revision of the criminal code. They became applicable in the Newfoundland province with the code coming to effect. The early development of the court structure in Newfoundland had intertwinement with the fisheries. The fishermen merchants had a great influence on the imperial policy that regarded the island (Wallace Stewart para 2). There was a dislike for the establishment of the court system. However, due to the great influence from the British that was already exercising, the court system came into effect. It led to the establishment of the supreme court. The court was at first cautious in delivering its mandate. It exercised limited civil jurisdiction and no criminal jurisdiction. Despite that, it provided the basis in which the current court structure of the province is built. Purpose of Criminal Law in Newfoundland The establishment of the Supreme Court was the first measure of delivering criminal justice in Newfoundland. It impacted in the province by ensuring the establishment of a court system that would see the delivery of justice. Its main objective was to maintain justice peace and safety of the society. The criminal law was premised on the belief that some criminal acts needed to get prevented and this would only be achieved through the establishment of a criminal system. It enables the establishment of a criminal law system that will achieves its objective through punishment. The British laws impacted on the province of Newfoundland by establishing a criminal proceedings procedure that would convict those found guilty beyond reasonable doubt. It led to the establishment of a system that would punish conducts that were
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