Cities had the most trouble o hurricane in galveston

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Cities had the most trouble o Hurricane in Galveston in 1900, after the disaster, the city messed up efforts to rebuild – the state appointed a commission of experts City commission got control of the city after the rebuilding of Galveston By 1914, there were 400 American cities who had adopted the Galveston model of city commissions This model led to development of city manager Resulted in a group of people who ran the city who were not elected – they did a good job in Galveston, but they could’ve screwed it up elsewhere (B) State reform o Progressives felt state reform was necessary o Direct primary People vote directly for their party to run for office this was adopted by almost all the states in the union o Initiative Permitted the public to propose legislation usually through petition o Referendum Enabled voters to approve or reject measures passed by legislative o These three (DP, I, and R) were passed so that people could be closer to the law I: people can’t right in legalese if they aren’t lawyers – not that close R: unless you know what the things are you’re voting for, it’s hard to decide what to vote for… they’re made to be confusing Direct primary did help put the choice of the party representative into the hands of the people Initiative and referendum didn’t help as much IV. Progressive Social Legislation Progressive women’s groups (some church affiliated, some not) o Actively campaigned for reform measures even though they could not vote themselves o Hired experts, used lobbying, promoted labor legislation (A) labor legislation child labor laws was first main thing progressives got passed
children used to work in factories in dangerous situations required school attendance for children 1908 supreme court decision made women’s workday 10 hrs. insurance for families for workers killed on jobs help for widows with children V. The Model Progressive President Roosevelt embraced some of the causes of the progressives and was called the model progressives He was able to get a lot of progressive legislation passed He used Sherman anti-trust act to break up a number of corporations In order to get this legislation passed, he had to compromise with business and sometimes watered down legislation There were a number of reforms passed under Roosevelt administration (A) Regulating railroad industry o Elkins and Hepburn acts gave more regulation to railroad industry (B) consumer protection o pure food and drug act created food administration to regulate preparation of food o regulate pharmaceutical industry © resource conservation o The Forest Reserve Act of 1891 Set aside 150 million acres of government timber land 85 million acres in Alaska and pacific northwest turned over forests to secretary who hired expert named Gifford Pinchot – his job was to make sure businesses didn’t develop anything on this land VI. Roosevelt and Taft

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