the school is compared to other similar schools using such measures as student test scores and value-added scores. • The Collaborative View defines effectiveness in terms of collaborative and developmental features of the school using such indicators as faculty morale, student social and emotional development, cohesiveness, and openness and health of the school climate. • The Control View defines effectiveness in terms of how stable and reliable the school is focusing on such criteria as efficiency, tight coupling, and management of school community relations. • The Creative View defines effectiveness in terms of how adaptable and innovative the school is measuring such features as successful reform, creativity, and uniqueness . Why not use all four views to evaluate school effectiveness? W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
Practical Imperatives • Look outward: The external environment is a valuable resource. • Look inward: Internal dynamics drive the system. • Focus on students: Learning is the end and engaged students are the means. • Focus on teachers: Teachers are the most direct and powerful aid to student learning. • Focus on instruction: Quality of teaching is the most important factor in student learning. • Cultivate a culture of academic optimism: Efficacy, trust, and academic emphasis undergird motivation. • Develop professional capacity: It creates positive school-learning climates. • Reach out to parents: Teacher-parent cooperation is a powerful catalyst to learning. • Monitor the effectiveness of your school: Use multiple indicators of cognitive and affective success. • Use structure, culture, politics, and motivation to support teaching and learning: These are building blocks of effectiveness W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
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- Summer '18
- Woolfolk Hoy