Keywords nanotextiles á sustainable clothing

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 121

This preview shows page 103 - 105 out of 121 pages.

Keywords Nanotextiles Á Sustainable clothing Á Functionalization Á Antimicrobial activity 1 Introduction Textile and clothing industries play major role in the economy of many countries. Clothing has been a basic need besides food and home from the beginning of this world. Regular modernization of the society developed the clothing sense of the human being for different time periods (Islam et al. 2014 ). Earlier, clothes were used to cover the body or to look good, and now because of the increased consciousness about better life, consumers prefer garments that show multifunctional properties (Montazer et al. 2013 ; Shahid et al. 2013 ). Clothing today such as wool, cotton, silk, and other synthetic fi bers is Shahid-ul-Islam ( & ) Á M. Shabbir Á F. Mohammad Department of Chemistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025, India e-mail: [email protected] M. Shabbir e-mail: [email protected] F. Mohammad e-mail: [email protected] © Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017 S.S. Muthu (ed.), Textiles and Clothing Sustainability , Textile Science and Clothing Technology, DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-2188-6_3 97
Image of page 103
expected to be stain, water, and insect repellent, antibacterial, and UV protective. (Kaplan and Okur 2008 ). Textile fi bers functionalized with different agents are now widely used in different application sectors such as textile, pharmaceutical, medical, engineering, agricultural, and food industries. As a consequence of their importance, many synthetic antimicrobial agents such as triclosan, quaternary ammonium compounds, N -halamines, dyes, metal salts, and other natural product-derived agents including tea polyphenols, natural dyes, and chitosan have been extensively used (Hutchison 2008 ; Gao and Cranston 2008 ; Simoncic and Tomsic 2010 ). Textile coloration and functional fi nishing is a wet process consuming lot of chemicals, water, and synthetic dyes (Batool et al. 2013 ; Islam et al. 2013a , b ). Scientists are working to discover new innovative tech- nologies, and old processes and techniques are constantly being replaced by new ones. In view of the rising environmental pollution concerns, not only the methods but envi- ronmentally friendly products are also introduced in dyeing and fi nishing industries (Shahid et al. 2013 ; Islam et al. 2014 ). Among various sustainable and renewable products, the application of natural dyes extracted from plant species such as annatto, gallnut, Rheum emodi , henna, walnut, madder, pomegranate, cutch, babool, onion, and carrot has been the subject of several recent investigations aimed at obtaining color as well as other functional characteristics (Bhatti et al. 2010 ; Khan et al. 2012 ). Lately, researchers have shown much more interest in using nanotechnology for functional modi fi cation of different natural and synthetic textile materials. Research is underway worldwide on different nanomaterials to impart some new prominent properties to fabrics. This chapter fi rst discusses some conventional methods and Different Approaches in Textile Functionalization ZnO Synthetic agents Dyes Chitosan Nanoparticles Au Ag TiO2 UV protection Self cleaning Antimicrobial Flame
Image of page 104
Image of page 105

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 121 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • N. Gokarneshan

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors