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pain, or happiness over unhappiness, for everyone affected by that action.Reparation: If we injure someone, we should make up for the harm we did them.Self-Improvement: We should improve our own lives (morally, intellectually, physically) to the extent we are able. Utilitarianism: A consequentialist theory. Right and wrong depends on the consequences of one's action for everyone who might be affected by them. Will: Is our capacity to make decisions and act on them. Ch.3:Desert: Everyone should get what he or she deserves Drowning Child Story: Obligation to assistEgalitarianism: Each person possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override. Equality: The burden of proof is on those who would endorse unequal treatment. Is there any good reason why A had more than B?Fairness: Involves the fair treatment of members of groups of people or else looks backwards to the fair compensation of prior injuries. Five Rival Principles of Distribution: To each an equal shareTo each according to individual needTo each according to personal effort To each according to social contribution
To each according to merit Libertarianism: “a state that taxes its better-off citizens to support the less fortunate ones violates the liberty of individuals by forcing them to support projects, policies, or persons that have not
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Ethics, Child Labor, common sense morality, Imperative means command