What is meant by an ethics that is anthropocentric vs holistic Ethics that is

What is meant by an ethics that is anthropocentric vs

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2.What is meant by an ethics that is anthropocentric vs. holistic? 3.What is instrumental value vs. moral value? Why was Leopold accused of being an ecofascist?
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4. Read this essay (link provided below) written by Leopold and comment on the following quote that I have taken from this essay. Explain the quote and comment on how it relates to Leopold’s overall philosophy of ethics. “I now suspect that just as a deer herd lives in mortal fear of its wolves, so does a mountain live in mortal fear of its deer.” This quote means that every organism thrives for certain factors in its life such as: protection, comfort, and excitement. Also, it also means that having too much protection leads to hazards sooner or later because it doesn’t yield any success in the long run. It relates to Leopold’s overall philosophy of ethics because he stresses the importance of the moral concern of nonhumans referred to as ‘the land’ because it has the same moral principles that humans possess such as: life, intellect, and feelings. Nonhumans such as: deers or wolves in this case are seen as belonging to the moral communities that humans live in as well.
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