Congress drafts george washington the congress

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measures that raised money and created an army and a navy. Congress Drafts George WashingtonThe Congress elected George Washington to lead the militia men. Washington was a tall and powerful 43year-old Virginia planter who fell short of a military genius. He was, however, gifted in terms of leadership and character, believing in patience, justice and courage.He was a symbol and a moral force, and people instinctively trusted him. He put his country, his men, and especially his cause before himself. Washington, as a man of wealth, could not be accused of being afortune seeker.Bunker Hill and Hessian HirelingsIn the period between April 1775 and July 1776, the American cause seemed contradictory, on one handthe Americans were pledging their loyalty to the king, asking him to hear their grievances. On the other, they were raising armies and shooting British soldiers.In May 1775, Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold captured the British at Ticonderoga in New York, securing much needed ammunitions. In June the colonists seized Bunker Hill, and even though the British ended up being victorious, they suffered heavy losses.In July 1775, the Continental Congress adopted the Olive Branch Petition, which professes American loyalty to the crown and begged the king for an end to hostilities. However, the king rejected the petition and declared the colonies in rebellion in August.In September, George hired thousands of German troops (Hessians) to help crush the rebellion. The colonists did not like the idea of bringing foreign forces into the matter. The Hessians proved to be more interested in money and many deserted the British army.The Abortive Conquest of CanadaIn the autumn of 1775, the American colonists tried to invade Canada. Leaders believed that if they created a fourteenth colony, they would deprive the British of a base for attack. This push northward defeated the idea that Americans were fighting a defensive war.The invasion took form in two routes, the first was led by Richard Montgomery who pushed up Lake Champlain and captured Montreal. He was met at Quebec by the ravaged troops under Benedict Arnold.The attack on Quebec failed, resulting in the death of Montgomery and a wounded Arnold. The French Canadian leaders had no desire to welcome the non-Catholic invaders.In January 1776, the British set fire to Norfolk and were driven out of Boston in March. In the south, two victories for the colonists occurred; one in February at Moore’s Creek Bridge in North Carolina and one inJune at Charleston.Thomas Paine Preaches Common Sense
Even as late as January 1776, Americans were still loyal to the king, they felt like a part of the transatlantic community under Britain and were toasting at the King’s health. In 1776, the publishing of Common Sensebecame one of the most influential pamphlets ever written. Itsauthor was Thomas Paine, and it became a best seller. Paine believed that the tiny island of Britain should not control the vastness of America, and that the King was a brute.

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