the young colonys major exports as many as ten thousand Indians were dispatched

The young colonys major exports as many as ten

This preview shows page 11 - 14 out of 15 pages.

the young colony’s major exports (as many as ten thousand Indians were dispatched) 3. In 1707 the Savannah Indian decided to end their alliance with the Carolinians and to migrate to the backcountry of Maryland and Pennsylvania, where a new colony founded by Quakers under William Penn promised better relations between whites and Indians 4. After a series of bloody raids, by 1710 the Indian tribes of coastal Carolina were all but extinct after the Carolinians turned against them 5. After much experimentation, rice emerged as the principal export crop in Carolina; rice was then an exotic food in England, but rice was grown in Africa and the Carolinians were paying premium prices for West African slaves experienced in rice cultivation
i. The Africans’ agricultural skill and relative immunity to malaria made them ideal laborers on the hot and swampy rice plantations ii. By 1710 they constituted a majority of Carolinians 6. Charlestown rapidly became the busiest seaport in the South; many high-spirited sons of English landed families came to the Charleston area and gave it a rich aristocratic flavor (diverse community, to which French Protestant refugees were attracted by religious toleration) 7. In Florida, the Catholic Spaniards bitterly resented the intrusion of these Protestant heretics and Carolina’s frontier was often aflame of Spanish-incited Indians and armor-clad warriors of Spain brandished their weapons during the successive Anglo-Spanish wars 15. The Emergence of North Carolina 1. The wild northern expanse of the huge Carolina grant bordered on Virginia where a group of outcasts and religious dissenters drifted i. Many of them had been repelled by the rarefied atmosphere of Virginia dominated as it was by big-plantation aristocrats belonging to the Church of England (quintessence of Virginia’s discontent) ii. The newcomers, “squatters” without legal right to the soil, raised their tobacco and other crops on small farms, without slaves 2. Distinctive traits developed rapidly in North Carolina i. The poor but sturdy inhabitants earned a reputation for being irreligious and hospitable to pirates; isolated from neighbors by raw wilderness and Cape Hatteras, “graveyard of Atlantic,” the North Carolinians developed a strong spirit of resistance to authority ii. Following much friction with governors, North Carolina was officially separated from South Carolina in 1712 (royal colonies)
3. North Carolina shares with Rhode Island several distinctions; these two outposts were the most democratic, the most independent-minded, and the least aristocratic of the original thirteen English colonies 4. Although northern Carolina did not at first import large numbers of African slaves, both regions shared in the ongoing tragedy of bloody relations between Indians and Europeans i. The North Carolinians aided by the south, retaliated by crushing the Tuscaroras in battle in 1711 after they fell upon Newbern, selling hundreds into slavery and leaving the survivors to wander northward to seek the protection of the Iroquois natives ii. The Tuscaroras became Sixth Nation of the Iroquois Confederacy iii. In another encounter four years later, the South Carolinians defeated and scattered the Yamasee Indians; virtually all the coastal Indian tribes in the South had been utterly

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture