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51.Extreme ethnocentrisma.is rare.b.may result in violence, including terrorism, war, and genocide.c.is found primarily in less developed countries.d.has not been studied by sociologists.ANS: BREF:37OBJ:4TOP:FactualMSC: PICKUP52.Cultural relativism is the idea that53.From the perspective of cultural relativism, in order to understand a particular cultural practicewe must know54.The diffusion of a single culture throughout the world is termed:55.The emergence of a global culture has resulted ina.a more heterogeneous world culture.b.a greater appreciation for the diverse folk cultures throughout the world.c.an increase in the influence of capitalism.d.a significant decrease in ethnocentrism throughout the world.ANS: CREF:38OBJ:3TOP:
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56.Some argue that many of the recent conflicts in the world are the result of a struggle between the values of a consumer-based, capitalist Western culture and57.The widespread dissemination of information and entertainment through widely available channels of communication is called _____.58.Television is so ever-present in people’s lives that today about _____ of U.S. households are “constant television households” in which the television is on almost all of the time.59.Which of the following media sources dominates most Americans’ leisure time?a.newspaperb.booksc.musicd.televisionANS: DREF:39OBJ:5TOP: