Wall of marble most prestigious seats but dangerous

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Wall of marble, most prestigious seats but dangerous - First 14 rows for equestrians, social classes sat together - Awning in case of rain, even a way of sending saffron to mask smell of blood - Hypogaeum , underground section of arena to emerge in middle - Sea battles even a thing, exactly how this work is unclear III. The hunt Venatio - Staged hunt, - Venator , hunter with spear and net - Bestiarius , sword and shield to fight animals not humans - World before Zoos, so Romans first time seeing these rare animals - Animals chained to each other - Augustus sponsored 26 beast hunts and 3,500 animals died, - 9,000 Animals died at opening of colosseum - Really large numbers died, environmental impact
IV. Midday Show - Executions - Seneca, Letter 7 - Forced combat, fed to the beasts - Mythological reenactments V. The Experience - Objections? Not everyone liked it, - It smelt very bad, - It was very noisy, chanting was a thing - The sight was incredible ______________________________________________________________________________ 11/14/18 Gladiators II I. Who Were Gladiators - They were slaves - Female gladiators? Show promoters would have female gladiators in the ring to ‘spice up’ the show. - Volunteers? You could, but most were slaves You’d get paid an amount of money, and then you specify how long you’d be a gladiator and how many fights you’d do for this amount of money. - It was considered dishonorable to volunteer and be a gladiator. - Others did it ‘just for kicks’ as well II. Gladiators: Social Status - Celebrities When they were in the ring, they were essentially celebrities, adored by the crowd and thought of very highly. Outside of the ring, they were nothing. - If you were a slave and a gladiator and you were manumitted, you would face infamia because of the immense shame you brought to those close to you. - Both gladiator trainers and gladiators suffered from infamia
III. Living Conditions - School Called the Ludus Was essentially a prison. - Gladiator training was supercharged military training. - As a gladiator you must know your numbers. Your ‘numbers’ were the specific moves you made in the ring. Ex. specific sword movements were denoted by numbers - ‘Barley Men’ At the gladiator school, you were given a lot to eat. Carbs, protein mostly. - Lanista Gladiator-trainer He is a free person who lives at the school. He may also be the gladiator-owner. They enjoyed bad reputations in Rome. Connected to word lanius meaning butcher. - Findings from Gladiator graveyard Many fractures had healed Lack of multiple wounds Mortal wounds were in consistent locations. Back of head, blow from hammer by someone offstage. IV. The Fight - Types of gladiators Mumillio Heavyweight fighter. Big shield, sword and a large crested helmet. Retiarius Lightweight fighter. Almost no armor at all Armed with a frighted net, a trident, and a small dagger. Very light and fast Fights between two types of gladiators were force vs. speed There were other types, but for sake of this class we only learn two.

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