Wall of marble, most prestigious seats but dangerous-First 14 rows for equestrians, social classes sat together-Awning in case of rain, even a way of sending saffron to mask smell of blood-Hypogaeum, underground section of arena to emerge in middle-Sea battles even a thing, exactly how this work is unclearIII.The huntVenatio-Staged hunt,-Venator, hunter with spear and net-Bestiarius, sword and shield to fight animals not humans-World before Zoos, so Romans first time seeing these rare animals-Animals chained to each other-Augustus sponsored 26 beast hunts and 3,500 animals died,-9,000 Animals died at opening of colosseum-Really large numbers died, environmental impact
IV.Midday Show-Executions-Seneca, Letter 7-Forced combat, fed to the beasts-Mythological reenactmentsV.The Experience-Objections? Not everyone liked it,-It smelt very bad,-It was very noisy, chanting was a thing-The sight was incredible______________________________________________________________________________11/14/18Gladiators III.Who Were Gladiators-They were slaves-Female gladiators?Show promoters would have female gladiators in the ring to ‘spice up’ the show.-Volunteers?You could, but most were slavesYou’d get paid an amount of money, and then you specify how long you’d be a gladiatorand how many fights you’d do for this amount of money.-It was considered dishonorable to volunteer and be a gladiator.-Others did it ‘just for kicks’ as wellII.Gladiators: Social Status-CelebritiesWhen they were in the ring, they were essentially celebrities, adored by the crowd andthought of very highly.Outside of the ring, they were nothing.-If you were a slave and a gladiator and you were manumitted, you would faceinfamiabecause of the immense shame you brought to those close to you.-Both gladiator trainers and gladiators suffered frominfamia
III.Living Conditions-SchoolCalled theLudusWas essentially a prison.-Gladiator training was supercharged military training.-As a gladiator you must know your numbers.Your ‘numbers’ were the specific moves you made in the ring.Ex. specific sword movements were denoted by numbers-‘Barley Men’At the gladiator school, you were given a lot to eat.Carbs, protein mostly.-LanistaGladiator-trainerHe is a free person who lives at the school.He may also be the gladiator-owner.They enjoyed bad reputations in Rome.Connected to wordlaniusmeaning butcher.-Findings from Gladiator graveyardMany fractures had healedLack of multiple woundsMortal wounds were in consistent locations.Back of head, blow from hammer by someone offstage.IV.The Fight-Types of gladiatorsMumillioHeavyweight fighter.Big shield, sword and a large crested helmet.RetiariusLightweight fighter.Almost no armor at allArmed with a frighted net, a trident, and a small dagger.Very light and fastFights between two types of gladiators were force vs. speedThere were other types, but for sake of this class we only learn two.