Research report - National Child Labour Action Programme for South Africa (1).doc

Childs best interest should be the top priority in

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Child's best interest should be the top priority in any action related to child labour, as provided for in the Constitution and international instruments. Need for prioritisation: The country has limited resources and needs to take action first, and urgently, on the very worst forms of child work. Learn from others where appropriate: South Africa had to develop an indigenous programme that suits the local context, but that borrows appropriately the best practices from other countries. The need for ongoing learning: While the SAYP has given much insight into the extent and nature of children's work in South Africa, many issues are still unclear. However, enough is already known about the dangers of certain kinds of work to take immediate steps. More research should simultaneously be done to improve the knowledge and understanding of the risks/hazards associated with other kinds of work. Commitment of the necessary resources: The necessary resources must be commitment once key areas of action have been identified. Areas of action where external resources are to be used are identified, with due attention to sustainability. Prevention is better than cure: The programme should emphasise measures to ensure that children do not start doing harmful work-related activities. The programme of action must be as realistic as possible in terms of the resources and capacity of those responsible for its implementation. Involving stakeholders and the community A programme of action for all stakeholders: While the programme of action specifies the responsibilities of all relevant government departments in addressing child labour, it also identifies areas of responsibility and tasks of other stakeholders. Support existing initiatives rather than duplicating effort: In drafting the Child Labour Action Programme, care was taken to identify and encourage support for existing initiatives which will aid the fight against the priority forms of child labour. Unnecessary duplication should be avoided. Need for inter sectoral approach: Child labour requires an inter-sectoral approach, effective coordination between different government departments and between different spheres of government. Proposed actions are supported by guidelines for which departments should collaborate and coordinate. The programme of action must be communicated effectively: As societal values are important in determining whether parents and others condone child labour, the communication programme must extend beyond government and policy makers and should be linked into broader campaigns around children’s rights. Messages need to be focussed and targeted so as to reach specific audiences.
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4.2 Types of work to be addressed by the policy Work activities that are harmful or potentially harmful for children need to be identified. This is a complex issue because of the different views on what is harmful for children, and the different cultural views on the issue. There are also divergent views on the extent to which child labour problems can be
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