privacy. In fact, people (and young people in particular) are brought to undervalue the consequences of their decisions in the long term. In particular, they can underrate the effects of their implicit consent to the disclosure and use of personal information, since they do not always perceive that such information will be evaluated, across time, within different contexts of interpretation. In the Society of Information, the contextual integrity and the coherence in the construction of identity is more subjected to menaces that come from the future rather than to menaces that come from the outside. The right to be forgotten is, intrinsically and hermeneutically, put into risk by the idea that past and future are just derived forms of temporality, when confronted to the reality of the present time. The right to be forgotten is logically endangered, if the idea of the eternal present becomes the normthat structures the interpretation of our personal communications. This hermeneutical canon is indeed at variance with the legal construction of privacy as a right of personality, which is not subjected to the passage of time. The level of privacy protection will be framed by the competition between the consent, implicitly given in the present and “for” the present, and the endless right of personality. Needless to say that also the interpretation of the different contexts of communication, where a relation of trust can take place across time, is displaced or endangered by the hermeneutical doctrine of an eternal present.
Information 2011,2604These problems about privacy tend to show that the identity construction in the Society of Information always grows out of a competition between different sources of data. In the following paragraph, we have to explain why this competition is, actually, intrinsic to any construction of personal identity and why it can represent, despite the problems outlined, the locuswhere trust and privacy can be, at least to some extent, reconciled. 4. The Construction of Personal Identity In the age of information, the construction of personal identity is achieved by means of narration. In other terms, personal identity is made up of information (out of the distinction between offline and online) , which is provided with meaning through a coherent narrative construction of personal identity in a shared context of communication. The construction of personal identity is a polemic activity . This competitive dimension becomes evident when the notion of identity is related to that of narration. Narration is, in its formal structure, the expression of a conflict that marks the passage of time. In this perspective, Arnaldo Momigliano, the great historian, affirmed that war has always been the main topic of the historical tale . Needless to say, in addition, that even the philosophical identity of becoming is polemic in its nature, because expressed by the continuous passage between beingand non-being, which is by itself warlike. The competitive construction of a personal narrative