Bathala realized that he was ready to create the creatures he wanted with him on earth. He created vegetation, animals, and the first man and woman. Bathalabuilt a house for them out of the trunk and leaves of the coconut trees. For food, they drank the coconut juice and ate its delicious white meat. Its leaves, they discovered, were great for making mats, hats, and brooms. Its fiber could be used for rope and many other things.7
The legend of Maria Makiling Maria Makiling is a diwata (fairy or forest nymph) who takes care of the ecologically rich Mount Makiling, a dormant volcano in Laguna, Philippines. She is considered the protector of the mountain and the forests that surround it. She is also considered one of the most widely known diwata in Philippine Mythology. While many legends and superstitions exist about her, many share the common theme of a beautiful woman who falls in love with a man. 8
stop the river from flowing, I want you to build a pond in the mountains so I can be with all the living things that lived under water." The task could only be done ifMinggancould carry enormous boulders of rocks from the surrounding mountains and throw them to the great river. The goddess added a condition. The task should be completed before daybreak. Mingganturned when he heard the rooster. He sawMariangSinukuanand realized that he had failed the test.ElitoCirca(a famous Filipino folk artist) had heard of this legend. His father and grandfather used to tell him that the giant`s footprints could still be found in PalayupayinPantabangan. He heard from his folks how in some parts of the mountain, Minggan`swheel barrow had left marks in the trunks of trees.9
demons and monsters 10
(Diwata), dryads (Engkanto), dwarves (Duwende), tree-residing trolls (Kapre), self-segmenting vampire and the most stereotyped 'Aswang' (Manananggal), witches or warlocks (Mangkukulam/Manggagamot), spirit-summoners (Mambabarang), goblins (Nuno sa Punso), ghosts (Multo), fireballs (Santelmo), mermaids (Serena), mermen (Siyokoy), demon-horses (Tikbalang), evil spirits (Hantu Demon), demon-infants (Tiyanak), Moon-eater (Bakunawa), a dragon which has been tempted by the beauty of the seven moons, he was punished by Bathalaafter eating the second to the last moon,andthe (Wakwak) or night birds belonging to a witch or vampire or the witch or vampire itself in the form of a night bird.