iii.Although evident that Porfiry Petrovich is suspicious, not including his perspective adds to the tense and suspenseful wonder if Raskolnikov will get caught. 6.Tone and Style a.Tone i.Hopeful 1.Amid Raskolnikov’s unstable behavior, his murders and isolation, he does acts of virtue, like giving money to the Marmeladov family and paying for a cab to take a girl home, giving readers glimmers of hope that he will be redeemed. Especially because most of the book is in Raskolnikov’s perspective, it is evident that there is good in him,but Raskolnikovmust battle isolation, arrogance, and loneliness to realize and correct his faults. ii.Feverish 1.The feverish tone highlights Raskolnikov’s deranged mind.He frequently has outbursts, faints, isolates himself, and thinks of dark things. Raskolnikov is written to appear fragile and mentally weak; questionings and bad news nearly break him. The feverish tone also applies to the setting, depicting a grim, depressing, dark atmosphere. b.Style i.DIDLS 1.Diction a.Belligerent and detached diction illustrates Raskolnikov’s unstable mental state. His easily-agitated personality, depicted by his rude and mean responses, pushes people away, furthering the severity of his isolation. Cacophonous diction is used to portray more intense scenes, like murders and arguments. 2.Images a.A detailed description of Raskolnikov’s slaughtering the old mare in his dreams, and killing the pawnbroker and her sister show the dangerous product of Raskolnikov’s unstable mental state. The severity of his crime reveals the evil side of Raskolnikov and his devotion to his initial
ideals of personal extraordinariness. He has a long journey towards self-awareness and redemption. 3.Details a.Whether Porfiry Petrovich has solid evidenceagainst Raskolnikov is hidden from the audience to demonstrate theuneasiness and anxiety Raskolnikovhad after the murders. 4.Language a.Dramatic and suspenseful languageshow Raskolnikov constantly paranoid and anxious of whether Porfiry Petrovich knows that he is the murderer. Petrovich undoubtedly suspects Raskolnikov, but readers are not exposed to Petrovich’s thoughts, making Raskolnikov’s encounters with Petrovich suspenseful and engaging. The fearful and anxious languagedescribe him to be unstable, and uncomposed, making readers wonder whether he will blurt out the truth. 5.Sentence Structure a.Raskolnikov’s dialogue hasmany ellipses, showing his fragmented and back-and-forth mindset.To elaborate, Raskolnikovhas a hard time from differentiating right from wrongthroughout the novel and the ellipses help highlight the different sides of his personality arguing. c.Motifs i.Poverty 1.Sonya sacrificed part of her faith in prostitution to provide for her family and Dunya almost married the disagreeable Luzhin for money. For these characters, poverty highlights their strength and compassions, for they have to sacrifice a part of themselves in order to provide. This shows that people must face their problems and accept the undesirable things they have to do to lessen them.