Types of variables independent the variable that

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Types of variablesIndependent: the variable that causes the change Dependent: the variable that changesCorrelationA measure of how strongly two variables are related to each otherSpurious CorrelationA false correlation between two or more variables, even though it appears to be true. Use control to see effect of variablesObjectivity, Error and BiasObjectivity:defined as a state of personal neutrality in conducting research. Error:unintentional and unpredictableRandom errorMistakes that unpredictable Bias: systematic inaccuracies in the data or analysisAcquiescence biasfind more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
Social desirability biasSexism in Research7 ways sexism affects research:AndrocentricityOvergeneralizationGender insensitivityDouble standardsSex appropriatenessFamilismSexual dichotomism Qualitative ResearchIn-depth, rich examinationSmaller samples, but more contact with participantsInductiveInterpretive Common methods are: interviews, participant observation, content analysis, secondary analysis, participatory action research, multiple research methodsEthicsEthical principles and policies are always in place to guide researchers’ actions during all phases of a research project. October 21, 2015Lecture #5Culture Anthropology:the way of life of peopleHumanities:high culture—“the best that has been thought and known” Examples: Opera, Polo, Theatre, Classical Music, Masters of Art,Low culture—Miley Cyrus concerts, Tuesday night movies Pop culture—YouTube, fashion,Sociology of Culture/ Cultural Sociology:convergence of these two extremesCulture:basic element of societyexpressive aspect of societysymbol systems: represent thinking, feeling, behaviorfind more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
symbols: things that represent something elseboth involve meaningMOTHER=symbol that represents a SOCIAL STATUSCultural Objects:expresses social meanings Example: hugging, comicsorients us to our social environmentcultural objects produce shared meaningcultural objects have meaning beyond their material reality. e.g. dogs, tattoosbehaviour is meaningful too (eye lowering)behaviours take on particular meanings in particular social contextscultural sociology analyses these systems of meaningThe Relationship between Culture and SocietyHumanities Perspectiveculture is autonomous from societySociologyculture is influenced by social factorslink between culture and societyHow do we explain this link?Functionalismclose fit between culture and societysocieties have needssocial institutions meet those needssociety in a state of equilibriuminstitutions rely on each other to meet needselements of society reflect each otherculture reflects society, society reflects cultureCritique of Functionalismcultural objects do not reflect societyidealize or sensationalize aspects of social experiencePierre Bourdieu

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