on the acropolis Erechtheus o Grandson of Erichthonius o Associated with

On the acropolis erechtheus o grandson of

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on the acropolis Erechtheus o Grandson of Erichthonius o Associated with Poseidon Poseidon is important to the people of Athens Athens was a great naval power – how they defeated the Persians Important for trade too o Athens vs. Eleusis o Erechtheus Eumolpus Legendary kings of Eleusis Eumolpus: Poseidon’s son o Ion Son of Apollo and Creusa Ancestor of the Ionic tribes of Athens His descendants colonized part of the coast of Asia Minor and the islands, thereafter called Ionia o Creusa Daughter Grows up to be beautiful princess Catches the attention of Apollo Conceive a child named Ion Unnerving for someone like Creusa to have a child with a god Abandons the baby in the woods To avoid bloodguilt, baby left out in the woods Child of a god won’t die in the woods Apollo hears the cries and sends down Hermes Hermes brings Ion to Delphi Marries Xuthus Xuthus Can’t have children Goes to oracle to ask why First person you see walking out of the temple, greet as your son Xuthus sees Ion Creusa misunderstands and thinks Ion is Xuthus’s son by another woman Creusa tries to kill him Athena steps in and refreshes her memory The 3 of them reunite and go back to Athens o 4 Ionic Tribes of Athens: early makeup of Athens Aegeus: another form of the god Poseidon Indicates his connection with the Aegean Sea Great grandson of Erechtheus
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Pittheus King of Troezen Aethra Mother of Theseus Daughter of Pittheus Theseus Theseus Great national hero of Attica Aegeus: King of Athens but he can’t have children o Goes to Delphi to ask why o Oracle gives strange, cryptic prophecy o Prophecy: do not unloosen the foot of the wineskin until you reach Athens unless you die of grief Meaning: don’t get drunk until you get to Athens o Leaves Delphi and sees his friend, King Pittheus o They both get drunk, Pittheus gives him Aethra o Tell the child: if the child is strong enough to lift the rock and bring the sword to Athens, child will be recognized as the heir o Theseus is actually the son of Poseidon o At 16, he lifts the rock and finds the sword o He knows he’s not the son of Aegeus but he wants to claim the right to the throne Theseus’s 6 Labors on his journey from Troezen to Athens: Athenians want to associate him with Heracles o Periphetes: son of Hephaestus Armed with a club Generally called Corynetes: Club Man At Epidaurus, Theseus killed him Theseus takes the club away from him and beats him – defeating him o Sinis: pine bender Robber At the Isthmus of Corinth How Sinis would kill his victims : he would bend two pine tree saplings to the ground, tie one end of his victim to each of the two trees, and then release the trees Theseus killed him in the same way o Crommyon Sow On the border of the Isthmus and the Megarad, he killed a monstrous sow near the village of Crommyon o Sciron
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