Natural Gas Coal Nuclear Energy Hydro electric Renewables It can be analyzed

Natural gas coal nuclear energy hydro electric

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Natural Gas Coal Nuclear Energy Hydro electric Renewables It can be analyzed from Figures 1 and 2 that the energy mix of India and the world is not very different except the share of coal and gas. The share of coal in the energy mix for India and the world is 58% and 29% respectively, whereas that of natural gas is 6.5% and 24% respectively. Natural gas has the potential to replace solid and liquid fuels in almost all sectors whether it be Industry, Transport, Cooking, Telecom or Agriculture. Therefore, there is a lot of potential to increase the share of natural gas in the energy mix of India. 2. DRIVERS OF THE PROJECT The following are the driving forces behind this project: With India and Japan ratifying the Paris deal in October, 2016 and November, 2016 respectively, both the nations are striving to achieve their developmental ambitions with a low carbon footprint. The three topics chosen under this joint project converge towards reducing the emissions by India and Japan. Apart from climate change, the deteriorating air quality of Indian cities is an important factor that drives it to meet its energy requirements sustainably. India is home to 22 of the 50 most polluted cities in the world (WHO data). As coal is going to remain the mainstay of India’s energy future (share in energy mix – 42-50% in 2047), it would be pertinent to analyze the impact of clean coal Energy Mix of World (2015) Figure 2- Source: BP Statistics (2016) 6
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technologies (CCT) in India. Also, India having the 4th largest coal reserves, it would like to use its abundant coal reserves efficiently to maintain its energy security. And Japan’s reliance on coal has certainly increased, post Fukushima disaster for power generation and it is cheaper to import in comparison with LNG or crude oil. Moreover, ultra super-critical technology accounts for 40% of the total coal fired installed capacity of 42 GW (2014) in Japan and it’s a major developer of high efficiency low emission (HELE) technology, which acts as a source of revenue generation for it. So, the above reasons compel Japan to analyze the impact of CCT on their energy scenario along with India’s energy scenario. With an ambitious target of 175 GW of installed capacity of renewable energy by 2022 in India and 80 GW by 2030 in Japan, both the countries are set to increase the share of renewables in energy and electricity mix. So, it is important to analyze whether the grid would be able to handle the increased penetration of this intermittent source of supply. The share of natural gas in primary energy mix was 6.5% and 22.7% in 2015 for India and Japan respectively. India wants to move towards a gas based economy by increasing the penetration of gas in its ecosystem and has also set a target of increasing the share of gas to 15% in the energy mix by 2022. India’s LNG imports are set to rise as it has already signed long term contracts of 22 MT by 2022 and is gearing to increase its regasification capacityto 47.5 MT by 2022. However, this move would come in conflict with the goal of energy security, but the trade-offs
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