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ISS_225_Lec_12_Crime__Violence__and_Powe

1 parole a person on parole is allowed to live and

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1. Parole A person on parole is allowed to live and work in a community but under certain restrictions, such as reporting to a parole officer on a regular basis. Other restrictions may include prohibitions against drinking, driving, changing jobs, moving or marrying without permission. A violation may result in a return to prison. In most states, prisoners can apply for parole after one-third of their sentence is served. Parole boards are appointed by the governor and hear the petitions. Some states have passed truth-in- sentencing laws that eliminate parole as an option. States have also passed sex offender laws that require released sex offenders to notify all members of the community in which he will reside. 2. Probation Probation is like parole, but it is in lieu of incarceration. Violation of probation can result in imprisonment. Almost two-thirds of those who are convicted of crimes are put on probation. Juveniles, first offenders, and those who plea bargain are most likely to go on probation. 3. Work Release If a judge determines that a convicted criminal is not likely to be a continued danger to society, the judge may allow the individual to work regular hours at a job and then spend the rest of the time, including evenings and weekends, in jail. 10
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ISS 225 Crime 4. Electronic House Detention A judge may order an individual to wear an electronic bracelet or anklet that emits signals to a receiver in the home. If the receiver fails to get a signal, it automatically dials a central computer and notifies the police. It can be programmed to allow the individual to go only certain places. 5. Boot Camps These are primarily for juveniles. They are modeled on the classic initiation camp for new members of the military. They teach discipline through an intense and rigorous schedule that includes counseling 6. Intensive Sanctions This is a type of probation that requires the individual to see their probation officer virtually daily and include a heavier set of requirements. They usually have to work full time, pay retribution to their victims, be in a treatment program, and provide community service. 7. Public Service An individual may be sentenced to a certain number of hours of public service without pay. This may include anything from litter removal to service in a school or hospital. Important Terms: Crime rate Victimization rate Bill of Rights Unreasonable searches and seizures Probable cause Open field doctrine Exclusionary rule Right to counsel Self-incrimination Miranda Rights ( Miranda v. Arizona ) Plea bargaining Cruel and unusual punishment Attacking the supply Attacking the demand Brady Bill Retribution Deterrence Rehabilitation Incapacitation Parole Probation 11
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