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Learning OutcomesAfter completing this exercise, you should be able toDistinguish between the axial skeleton and the appen-dicular skeleton.Locate and label the major bones of the human skeleton.Associate the terms used to describe skeletal structuresand locate examples of such structures on the humanskeleton.Procedure—Organizationof the Skeleton1.Label figure 13.1.2.Examine the human skeleton and locate the followingparts. As you locate the following bones, note the num-ber of each in the skeleton. Palpate as many of the cor-responding bones in your skeleton as possible.axial skeletonskullcranium(8)face(14)middle ear bone(6)hyoid bone(1)vertebral columnvertebra(24)sacrum(1)coccyx(1)thoracic cagerib(24)sternum(1)123
1001234Hyoid bone586791011121314PhalanxTerms:CarpalsClavicleCranial bonesFacial bonesHip boneMetacarpalMetatarsalPatellaPhalanxRibSkullSternumTarsalsVertebral columnFIGURE 13.1Label the major bones of the skeleton: (a) anterior view; (b) posterior view, using the terms provided.12Cranial bonesFacial bonesSkullClavicleSternumRibVertebral columnHip boneCarpalsMetacarpalPhalanxPatellaTarsalsMetatarsal
10112345678910Terms:CoccyxFemurFibulaHumerusRadiusSacrumScapulaTibiaUlnaVetebral columnFIGURE 13.1Continued.ScapulaHumerusUlnaRadiusFemurTibiaFibulaVertebral columnSacrumCoccyx
102appendicular skeletonpectoral girdlescapula(2)clavicle(2)upper limbshumerus(2)radius(2)ulna(2)carpal(16)metacarpal(10)phalanx(28)pelvic girdlehip bone (coxa; pelvic(2)bone; innominate)lower limbsfemur(2)tibia(2)fibula(2)patella(2)tarsal(14)metatarsal(10)phalanx(28)Total206 bones3.Bone features (bone markings) can be grouped togetherin a category of projections, articulations, depressions,or openings. Within each category more specific exam-ples occur. The bones listed in this section only repre-sent an example of a location in the human body. Locateeach of the following features on the example bonelisted, noting the size, shape, and location in the humanskeleton.

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Term
Fall
Professor
N/A
Tags
Physiology, Anatomy, Human Anatomy, Occipital bone, Human skeleton

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