Ans f 8 social labeling theorists seek to explain

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Introduction to Probability and Statistics
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Chapter 8 / Exercise 26
Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Beaver/Mendenhall
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8.Social labeling theorists seek to explain acts of deviance that occur after the individual has been labeled as deviant.
9.Deviance can have positive effects on society.
DefinitionsPick XXX pairs of words from the following list. Define the terms in each pair. Provide an example with each definition. (In your answer, make sure to indicate which terms you are defining!)
Each of the following statements is false. Pick XX of these statements and refute them. (You need to do more than simply say the statement is false. Explain why it is false. Provide examples if these will clarify your answer.)a.Sociologists study deviance in order to determine what acts are moral and what acts are immoral.TB 11 | 7
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Introduction to Probability and Statistics
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Chapter 8 / Exercise 26
Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Beaver/Mendenhall
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b.According to Durkheim, married people and Catholics are more likely to commit suicide.c.Merton’s typology of responses to anomie could just as well be called a typology of deviant behavior.d.There are certain acts (e.g., killing another person) that are so bad that they are prohibited in every society.f.According to strain theory, everyone has about the same chance to get ahead in society, it’s just that some people prefer to use illegal means.g.Durkheim suggested that crime and deviance are fundamentally bad for society and every effort should be made to get rid of them. Once we finally rid ourselves of deviance, society will be a better place in which to live.h. According to Goffman, anyone who commits a deviant act will be stigmatized. Brief Essay Questions1.Stigma can either be ascribed or achieved. List the three types of stigma described by Goffman and provide an ascribed and an achieved example of each type.2.Recently we have heard reports of things that have taken place during a war in Algeria: fetuses have been cut from the bodies of living women, people have been skinned, a man and a dog were beheaded and afterwards the killersswapped their heads and bodies. How can such behaviors be explained? Offeran explanation that makes use of Durkheim’s concepts of “egoism” and “anomie.”3.Roger committed a rape. Discuss the circumstances in which his identity could be discredited and those in which it would be discreditable.4.One of the functions of deviance is that it can encourage social change. Explain how this happens; illustrate your answer by using at least one example from history.TB 11 | 8

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