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improve farm homes and rural life. A big call for little farmers was brought about during this era.World War II caused a lot of jobs to open up in big cities, which ended up making people living a rural life, move into the suburbs. The idea of small farmers was becoming less and less of a good option.Also, the fact that a lot of research and development was going to large farms wasalso driving away the small farmers. The country needed a lot of food for the soldiers and civilians alike, which is why large farms were favored.By 1970, farm population had dropped down to 4% of the total nation’s population. This was the lowest it had ever been. Oddly enough, there was a famine during 1960-1970, in which the government was hoping agriculture could help fix. The first recognized problems of pesticide use was discovered sometime during the 1950’s, which also raised a question of agricultural ethics. This also raised the price of pesticides dramatically, which hurt what farmers were left.Toxic food from pesticide use also became a problem at the same time. However, there was not a true solution at the time, so instead, a range of values of tolerated toxicity was made, and farmers’ crops were expected to be in this range.Small farmers felt that they were not being treated fairly, and pushed back in the 1980’s. Oddly enough, in some states, such as California, small farms still outnumbered large farms.Some people believe that agriculture should pay their workers fairly, and then thatwould be considered ethical. There are a few problems with this, as this would
only address a few of the problems with agriculture today. It would also raise the price of all produce, since the farms would have to pay more.Farmers, farm workers, and their families should all be taken care of when it comes to modern agricultural ethics. This is a strange notion, because I feel like this is just common sense, a people should always be taken care of.If the people in the field of agriculture are not taken care of, they will leave, just like people in all other fields of study. People need to feel like they are important, and what they do matters. The author sums up what agricultural ethics would look like. Simply put, it is respect to other people, to all animals, and to the environment as well. So producing clean food, in a way which is respectfully (does not harm) other people, animals, or the environment. Do not use people, animals, or the environment as means to an end. Do not be afraid to try something new, or go against the way of a lot of other farmers. Do not fall into a routine, because something that is good now, may not be good later.Q and A: