Glencoe Health 2005.pdf

Autoimmune disease iabetes 691 lesson 3 allergies

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autoimmune disease iabetes 691 Lesson 3 Allergies, Asthma, Diabetes, and Arthritis People with diabetes need to work closely with health care professionals to manage their condition. Why is early detection of diabetes important? Frequent urination Excessive thirst Unexplained weight loss Extreme hunger Sudden vision changes Tingling in hands or feet Frequent fatigue Very dry skin Sores that are slow to heal More infections than usual Symptoms of diabetes include: Symptoms of Diabetes According to the American Diabetes Association, of the estimated 17 million people in the United States who have diabetes, almost 6 million of them don’t know it.
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In small groups, generate a list of lifestyle behaviors that people can practice to maintain a healthful weight and reduce their risk of diabetes. Create a 60-second public service announcement (PSA) to persuade teens to start good health habits early in life. Include at least one fact about diabetes and one lifestyle behavior that can reduce the risk of diabetes. A C T A C T I V I T Y I V I T Y Raising Teen Awareness of Diabetes Over the last decade diabetes and obesity have increased dramatically in both adults and teens. Examine the graph and answer the questions. Then use this information to create an advocacy message to encourage others to practice healthful behaviors to control their weight and reduce their risk of diabetes. 1. What do you observe about the relationship between the rates of diabetes and obesity in Graph 1? 2. What do you think would happen to the rate of diabetes if the rate of obesity began to decrease? 3. Look at Graph 2. What can you infer about the rate of diabetes in teens? 4. What are healthful eating habits and physical activity lifestyle behaviors that reduce the risk of diabetes? 4.9% 12.0% 7.3% 19.8% 6.5% 17.9% Percentage 0 5 10 15 20 Obesity and Diabetes in U.S. Adults 1990 1998 2000 Obese Diabetes 12.7 0 5 10 15 20 Prevalence of Overweight Among U.S. Adolescents 4 1963-70 4 1971-74 11 1976-80 5 1988-94 13 1999 Percentage Chapter 26 Noncommunicable Diseases and Disabilities 692 Type 2 diabetes is nearing epidemic proportions in the United States because of an increased number of older individuals in the population and a greater prevalence of obesity and inactive lifestyles. A diet high in fat, calories, and cholesterol increases the risk of diabetes. Thus, choosing lower-fat, lower-calorie alternatives can help reduce the risk of this disease. Increased physical activity also reduces risk because it helps control weight and lower blood cholesterol levels. Treatment of type 2 diabetes includes weight management and regular physical activity. Individuals with this disease must Source: CDC, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (1991–2000)
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693 Lesson 3 Allergies, Asthma, Diabetes, and Arthritis carefully monitor their diet in order to control their blood-sugar levels. In some cases oral medications or injections of insulin are required to manage the disease.
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