There were no merchants in china due to the fact that

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There were no merchants in China due to the fact that the civilization was self-efficientThird oldest dynasty in history; was the longest dynasty as it ran for 800 yearsThe political system used the Shang dynasty’s philosophy’s but altered it a bitThe Warring States (500-221BCE)Political fragmentation & turmoilCorrupt bureaucracy Politico-spiritual ideology: Confucianism, Legalism and Daoism ConfucianismKung-fuzi/Confucius; Analects Confucius is a name given by the Portuguese when they came to ChinaRen=inborn goodness, civility We ourselves are good but evil isn’t in our nature, it is in our nature to be civil and respect each other You have to have unconditional respect and obey your parentsFamily is first; in your family your dad is the rulerOrder, justice, and social concordWhat matters the most is the wellbeing of the community, or more importantly the state, and then the individualThe individual is just a small part in the greater wholeMandarins-the state officials that fully embraces the principles of Confucianism and tried to implement it and tried to spread it as much as possible9
Tuesday, September 16, 2014LegalismHuman nature-evil and selfish->need for severe laws and punishmentsHave to govern through fearStrict order and absolute obedienceCentralized coercive stateDaoismLao Tzu Zi; Dao De JungDao=the wayHarmony with Dao via selfless contemplation and receptivity-> withdrawal from society GreeceTrue knowledge is a combination of rational theory and direct observation which can confirm or disconfirm the theoryGeography of GreeceMainland: small valleys and rocky hillsMountainous peninsulaRelative isolation -> autonomy and warfare The Mycenaeans (1600-1100 BCE)Peloponnesus and southern Greek mainlandSmall, independent kingdom and warrior culture They lived in cities that were heavily fortified and protected It collapsed because of its violent nature; either from a brutal invader that killed them or they killed themselvesThe Dark Ages (1200-800 BCE)10
Tuesday, September 16, 2014It was called the Dark Ages because certain features or traits that make humans more evolved than animals, disappearedFeatures or traits such as literacy were goneCommunication was ceasedPopulation plummetedCities disappeared776 BCE: the first Olympic Games The Olympics were a sign that the Greeks were recovering as creating something like the Olympics meant they had lots of money SpartaGeographical isolationOligarchy: two kings and council of elders (gerousia) ruling over citizens (farmers) and slaves (helots)Settled in the mainland, at one of the biggest and most fertile parts of Greece surrounded by high hillsInvaded the territory mentioned aboveThey treated the people who lived in the territory before them as slaves (helots)The Sparta system created an army of fearless soldiersIf you were the King of Sparta, you would have been in the front lines, fightingYou need a figurehead, or someone with authority for people to look up toThey despised luxury; they didn’t even have money

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