pain if they are feeling pain, versus men attempting to tough it out. Given the study was done on pain sensitivity amongst men and women. "The average woman was rated as being more sensitive to pain than the average man. Likewise, the typical woman was rated as being more sensitive to pain than the member (Wandner et al., 2014). References Arcangelo, V. P., & Peterson, A. M. (Eds.). (2013). Pharmacotherapeutics for advanced practice: A practical approach (3rd ed). Ambler, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Markman, J., & Narasimhan, S. (2014). Overview of Pain. -Brain, Spinal Cord, & Nerve Disorder. Retrieved from - nerve-disorders/pain/overview-of-pain Pearson, N. (2012). Acute versus Chronic Pain: Understanding the difference and choosing appropriate treatment. Retrieved from - chronic-pain/ Wandner, L. D., Scipio, C. D., Hirsh, A. T., Torres, C. A., & Robinson, M. E. (2014). THE PERCEPTION OF PAIN IN OTHERS: HOW GENDER, RACE, AND AGE INFLUENCE PAIN EXPECTATIONS. Journal of Pain , (13(3): 220-227. Retrieved from .
DOI: NURS 6501 Week 3 Response #1 How Genetics and ethnicity Impact Pain Genetics and ethnicity can have a very big impact on how pain is perceived, diagnosed and treated. Pain perception is the awareness of pain which occurs in the reticular and limbic systems and the cerebral cortex[Hue175]. Some individuals have some type of genetic mutation that can make them feel no pain, which is not a good response. It has been discovered that there are some possible gene variants that are prevalent to each pain group. In a study done it was noticed that the gene DRD1 was associated with low pain tolerance, COMT and OPRK was associated with moderate pain, and DRD2 was seen with high pain levels [Pai17]. Its also noted that opioid system is an important source for the study of genetics and pain perception. There hasn’t been a lot of studies done on the effect of genetics and medication regimen for pain. Ethnicity also plays a vital role in pain perception, diagnosis and treatment. Many cultures view pain differently and react to it differently. For example, African-Americans report greater pain compared to whites in the following conditions such as migraines, post-op pain, joint pain, etc. [Cam12]. I remember working on the postpartum unit and having patients from various backgrounds and watching the way they respond to pain. My patients of Asian-Pacific Islander would report not having any pain and not wanting to take the medication that was
offered to them, whereas my African-American patients didn’t shy away from receiving their medications and often made sure they knew the schedule of when the medication was due. Pain is a hard thing to treat because the practitioner never really knows how much pain someone truly has.
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