But there are fears that many more species could die

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But there are fears that many more species could die out before they are found in a region whose jungle and river ecosystems are increasingly threatened by roads, dams and a thriving illegal wildlife trade. The new finds include a bat with a horseshoe-shaped face and a snail-eating turtle discovered by a scientists in a local market in northeastern Thailand. The Crocodile lizard, a scaly reptile that hails from northern Vietnam’s evergreen forests , was also among the new species announced. Although the reptile was first discovered in 2003, it has taken years to confirm its status as a separate subspecies.
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CURRENT AFFAIRS DECEMBER 2017 114 | Page 9004078746 [email protected] Tiny scorpion packs a punch Their stings are what they’re most notorious for but India’s scorpions are in the limelight now thanks to the addition of a new species — the Schaller’s wood scorpion from Tripura’s Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary. It is the eleventh wood scorpion species from India. It was discovered by scientist Zeeshan Mirza (National Centre for Biological Sciences, Bangalore). Also called dwarf scorpions, wood scorpions are unlike the large scorpions we commonly see. Wood scorpions are only about three cm long and live in small burrows on the ground, making them very difficult to spot. “They also have fairly large and powerful pincers with which they crush their prey , and it was the sight of the pincers protruding from small mud burrows that alerted me,” says Mr. Mirza, who went looking for scorpions at night with a torch in Tripura. Mr. Mirza named the new species Liocheles schalleri in honour of celebrated wildlife biologist George Schaller who has studied wildlife across the world, including the snow leopards of the Himalayas and central India’s tigers. India is home to more than 125 species of scorpions. Nine of India’s 11 wood scorpions are endemic to the country.
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CURRENT AFFAIRS DECEMBER 2017 115 | Page 9004078746 [email protected] ENVIRONMENT 3) CLIMATE CHANGE 2017 might be among top three hottest years on record Global land and ocean temperatures in 2017 will likely end among the three warmest years on record, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said . The year 2017 is expected to be the warmest year without a warming El Nino . The first 11 months of the year were the third warmest on record, behind 2016 and 2015, with much-warmer-than-average conditions engulfing much of the world’s land and ocean surfaces. The source of the data is the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) which said that Arctic and Antarctic sea ice coverage remained at near record lows. S&T 1) SPACE ISRO developing a compact launcher for small satellites A low-cost small satellite launcher could be the next item on the menu of the Indian Space Research Organisation .
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