Rousseau - Discourse on the Origin of Inequality (1).pdf

Azuvtztr vxvavv w bvswrzv a rousseaus state of nature

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AZUV`TZTR] =VXV]`a^V_V `W B_VSWR]ZV[ A± Rousseau’s state of nature has a long history B± Gradual process of development from state of nature to social state ´± Brute animality µ± Golden age of moderate sociability$ no relations of dependence ¶± Agriculture and metallurgy$ corruption· inequality· dependence emerge ¸± Landholders trick the poor into agreeing to ‘right’ of property
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=VaV_UV_TV± R]ZV_RVZ`_± R_U ]`UU `W WTVVU`^ Z_ U`TZR] ]ZWV A± Why social life leads to dependence and alienation ´± Human faculty of perfectibility· triggered by changes in external circumstances µ± %STTSUVVU[\\[[[XYYXX JKL YZZYYUVVUOPP ¹natural love of selfº v± GSTTSUVVU[\\[[[XYYXX VWWVVXYYXXUVVUVWWVVXYYXXKL B± Rousseau’s conception of freedom$ freedom as self³determination ¹autonomyº C± Challenge for the Social Contract$ since we cannot return to the state of nature· how can we eliminate the dependence· alienation· and unfreedom of the social state#
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2TZXRVV aT`aVTV[ R_U Z_VSWR]ZV[ A± Rousseau’s account of the origin of private property and inequality ¹ ]^^]]]KLGRSSZ[[ZZNO± YZZYYZ[[ZZGZ[[ZZ[\\[[[YZZYY± YZZYYUVVUIOPPGRSS VWWVVUVVU]^^]]]KLXYYXX± G[\\[[[Z[[ZZNOUVVUXYYXXOPPZ[[ZZ_``___ º ´± Inequality is not natural% it is artificial ¹and unjustº ¹cf± Lockeº µ± Not everything artificial is unjust a± Golden age of moderate sociability b± Possibility of legitimate government
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