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Q: Was the work of Syed Ahmad Shaheed Bralvi the most important factor in the revival of Islam in subcontinent in 1700 – 1850?Q: SWU was the main religious thinker to revive Islam in India until 1850.Q: SWU was the man person in the revival of Islam in 18th and 19th century.ANS: · The work of Syed Ahmad had been the very important factor in the revival of Islam because of many reasons. Syed Ahmad Barelvi Shaheed was born in 1786. He wasgreatly impressed by the preaching and thoughts of Shah Waliullah. Therefore, Syed Ahmad Shaheed started preaching true Islam (as Shah Waliullah did). However, he was of the opinion that there should be a political power behind the preaching for the revivalof Islam and Muslim power in India. He founded the Jihad Movement for the restoration and revival of Muslim power in India. His main objective was the establishment of an Islamic state on proper Islamic principles. In addition, the aim of the Jihad Movement was to liberate the Muslims of the Punjab and N.W.F.P from the Sikh rule. · At that time (beginning of 19thcentury), Punjab and N.W.F.P were under the Sikh rule of Ranjit Singh. Muslims were facing great difficulty in following their religion in this area. Therefore, Syed Ahmad chose Punjab and N.W.F.P for his activities. He also expected help from the Afghan and Pathan tribes of N.W.F.P. Syed Ahmad established hisheadquarters at Nowshera. His first encounters against the Sikh forces took place at Akora in which the Mujahidin were successful. The jihad movement ended in 1831, but itwas a brave and determined movement effort for the revival of Islam and Muslim power.Syed Ahmad’s example continued to inspire the future Muslim generations. The work of Syed Ahmad was important but the work of another two reformers was also very important for a number of reasons:· Shah Waliullah was one of the first Muslim thinkers to state the decline of Mughal Empire and the vulnerable position of the Muslims was due to the neglect of the principles of Islam. Shah Waliullah worked hard to ensure that he was a role model for other Muslims. His deep understanding about the Quran, Hadith, Fiqah, and Tasawuf made him a highly knowledgeable scholar at an early age. Since he believed that, an emphasis on Quranic teachings was vital to Muslims so Shah Waliullah translated the Holy Quran into Persian, which was the language of educated Muslims at that time. He
also wrote 51 books to explain the principles of Islam. He wrote an account about the first for Caliphs of Islam in a way in which it was acceptable to both Shias and Sunnis. He hoped that this would help to heal the divisions between them. His writings brought him great fame and prestige and enabled him to have influence in other areas too. For example: in economics, he emphasized the need for social justice and for peasants and artisans to be truly valued for their contribution to the economy.