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By trying to look at the distribution of your coverage and not just the average level, you help identify what strategies the program might need to take in the future to further improve their performance and their coverage, thereby contributing more to the improvements in health that the program is designed to target.In the social sciences, many of the things that we are measuring are not directly observable like distance between two points. So if we are interested in an idea such as, say, stigma, stigma towards people living with HIV, how do we measure that? try to measure these concepts using multiple measures with the understanding that no single measure isgoing to capture the entirety of the concept that we are interested in. in combination, we get pretty close to the-- measuring what we truly want to measure. Ex. how do we measure this concept called female empowerment because we know that this is predictive ofa lot of outcomes in public health. one way of measuring female empowerment is to assess whether females, in fact, make decisions about their children at home, do they make those kinds of decisions, with the idea that in societies where females or the moms primarily make all the decisions pertaining to their children, that they are perhaps more empowered than in societies where those decisions are not made by the moms. the second way of assessing female empowerment. In this case, it is has the woman completed her desired level of education? And this is based on the idea that in societies that have high level of female
empowerment, females in that society actually complete education to the level of their own desire-- if they want to have high level of education, that they can and they do-- whereas in societies in which female empowerment is low, then women may not be able to attain the level of education that they desire. The third way of assessing female empowerment might be does the woman own property in her own name? In societies where empowerment, female empowerment, is high, female own more property. In societies where female empowerment is low, females tend not to own their properties or their properties may be in the names of their husbands or their parents, and so forth. another way of measuring female empowerment might be can the person talk back to their parents, are they empowered to express their own opinions to their parents, with the idea that in societies where female empowerment is low, female or women are not-- do not feel empowered to talk back to their parents, whereas in societies where female empowerment is high, then females are empowered to talk back to their parents. in combination with the previous variable, which is whether they're making decisions about their children or not, we're now getting closer to the idea of measuring female empowerment.