Make adjustments for an accent – Don’t start out with the most important material, speak more slowly and distinctlythan you do in a daily conversation, be very alert to audience feedback, and consider your visual presentation aids and gestures with key phrases.Use vocal variety to communicate effectively – Variety in word choices and examples in maintaining a high level of audience attention. It is equally important, and the need for it goes beyond a mere desire for novelty.
Pitch – Varied inflection. This implies a high energy level and self-confidence, and it generally aids your credibility. The pitch you use for the delivery of a word or phrase can underscore its meaning or imply its opposite.Rate – The average pace of your delivery should be geared toward comfortable listening. Changes in rate at differenttime during the speech can be effective in creating interest by establishing moods or adding emphasis. Volume – The level of loudness. This can be reserved so that you can raise your voice for emphasis. Smile – This is an important factor because it allows audience members feel let in by your speech. The positivity in your body language lets off a free vibe that denotes commitment to your topic. Use standard pronunciation – It is worth the effort to identify such areas of unconscious incompetence and address them. If you mispronounce two words, it can be easy to fix. If you find five or more, you may need extensive help inthe form of coaching or coarse-work. Words habitually mispronounced – Ask is “ax,” get is “git,” just is “jist,” “Electorial” when it should be “Electoral.” “Emphatically”, when it should be pronounced “empathetically,” and so on. Pronunciation of unfamiliar words – Check words you encounter in research, but do not use it regularly, so be sure you have them right. Without feedback or exposure to a certain word, you might develop your own way of mentally pronouncing a word that involves a mistake like adding a sound or reversing sounds.Distracting vocal characteristics – They are quite difficult to identify and even more difficult to change. Your voice and speech style should be unobtrusive vehicles for your ideas.Harshness, hoarseness, or stridency – This is caused by the constriction of the throat or by tension in the vocal folds. The sound may be husky, or shrill and so it gives an impression of anger or gruffness.Breathiness, thinness, or weakness – Caused by having inadequate air stream, by releasing excessive air, or by speaking in an unnaturally high falsetto. Nasality and denasality – Incorrect flow of air through the nasal passages creates these nasal problems. Articulation problems– Many articulation problems takes the form of substitutions, such as “tholoution” for “solution,” or “dese” for “these.” There are distortions in speech known as slushing, hissing, or whistling. It can create a contradictory message that works against the credibility you want to project.