20 Describe difference between tendons and ligaments Tendons may also attach

20 describe difference between tendons and ligaments

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20. Describe difference between tendons and ligaments. Tendons may also attach muscles to structures such as the eyeball. A tendon serves to move the bone or structure. A ligament is a fibrous connective tissue, which attaches bone to bone, and usually serves to hold structures together and keep them stable. 21. What type of joint is a “gomphosis”? Fibrous 22. What type of structure is “aponeurosis”?
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A flat sheet of tendon like material that anchors a muscle or connects it with the part that the muscle moves. 23. List 6 types of synovial joints and give an example of each type. Plane- permit back-and-forth and side-to-side movements between the flat surfaces of bones. Example: intervertebral joint Hinge- produce an angular, opening-and-closing motion like that of a hinged door. Example: the knee Pivot- the rounded or pointed surface of one bone articulates with a ring formed partly by another bone and partly by a ligament. Example: radioulnar joint Condyloid joint- oval-shaped projection of one bone fits into the oval-shaped depression by another bone. Example: radiocarpal joint Saddle- he articular surface of one bone is saddle-shaped, and the articular surface of the other bone fits into it. Example: carpometacarpal joint Ball-and-socket- consists of the ball-like surface of one bone fitting into a cuplike depression of another bone. Example: hip joint Label all parts of the knee Tendon of quadriceps femoris muscle Suprapatellar bursa Posterior cruciate ligament Anterior cruciate ligament Patella Lateral meniscus Articular cartilage Medial meniscus Infrapatellar fat pad Prepatellar bursa Transverse ligament Infrapatellar bursa Patellar ligament Tibia
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  • Fall '16
  • Lambrini Nicopoulos
  • hyaline cartilage, pubic symphysis, condyloid joint, carpometacarpal joint

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