Science divorced from moral values is not acceptable

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Introduction to Learning and Behavior
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 22
Introduction to Learning and Behavior
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the complement of humanistic studies will be imperfect, lop-sided and deficient. Science divorced from moral values is not acceptable. Science is both knowledge and power. It has interest as well as utility. It demands disciplined devotion to the pursuit of truth. It develops an attitude of tolerance, open-mindedness, freedom from prejudice and hospitality to new ideas. It shows us the inexhaustible richness of the world, it’s unexpectedness, it’s wonder. Humanities are equally important because they tell us about our own nature and how we have a deeper meditation over the subject of life. The obstacles to human well-being are in the minds of men. Hatred, folly, erroneous beliefs and uncivil passions make us blind to truth. To remedy this, we need, in addition to technological knowledge and skill, an understanding heart and wisdom. So we have had a spiritual revolution, a social revolution, a political revolution, and an industrial revolution. In the ancient times Indian wisdom was intricately connected to the wisdom of other parts of the world. For example in the field of medicine or mathematics one finds the influence of the Greek, the Roman and the West Asian. The advances in science were brought about by Newton, an Englishman, Kepler, a German, Copernicus, a Pole and Galileo, an Italian. Their work brought about great changes in the world. They worked for the human world at large. Radhakrishnan finds, the period of political subjugation, as the event which cut India of from the mainstream of history. But he hopes that after independence India would become proficient enough to regain its past glory.
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Introduction to Learning and Behavior
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 22
Introduction to Learning and Behavior
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School of Distance Education Reading Literature in English 14 He asserts that if we want to remove the evils of society, we need to have a scientific outlook. We should erase from our minds old fashioned thoughts and superstitions. A sense of human dignity or self-esteem has to be regained along with a sense of responsibility. The problem with universities is that they produce either seers or men with mechanical skills. A blend of the two is possible and this should take place because truth is indivisible. Whether it is historical truth, scientific truth, literary truth, the approaches may be different, but the ultimate gain is the same. Dr. Radhakrishnan emphasizes the fact that we are oppressed by many evils like poverty, disease, ignorance etc. But he also emphasizes that these difficulties are not due to forces outside, but a lack of control that we have. It is not weapons that destroy us but lack of wisdom. It is the human being who destroys the rest of the humanity. If we want to reform ourselves we have to aim at Atma Samskriti which is the development of human nature and refinement of the human spirit. All disciplines lead to one end( Sarvasastra prayojanam athmadarsanam)- an insight into oneself, an insight into reality should be the end of all disciplines. Every human individual must look up to himself not as living on the outer surface of things. There is a living depth in him. Even the arts that we foster are just a means to grasping the eternal. All sciences are there for us but we are incapable of using them for refining our own spirit. Adhyathma vidya or the knowledge of

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