Getting married becoming financially independent

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Getting married - Becoming financially independent Stage 2: Balancing family and work commitments - The central challenge of this stage is to establish oneself and a stable worker, partner/spouse, and parents - During this stage: - Men tend to become increasingly caught up with their careers - Many women become increasingly committed to their families Stage 3: Performing adultroles - In this stage, people try to meet high standards of performance in the adult roles to which they are committed - Common sources of stress at this stage: - The awareness that one is aging - Physical illness - The death of parents or close friends Stage 4: Coping with loss - Central challenge is to come with series of losses - Loss of occupational role through retirement - Loss of significant relationships through death - Eventually, loss of health, energy and independence Impacts of social events on the person Life stage when event is experienced Focus of impact of event Childhood Values and attitudes Adolescence, young adulthood Identities, opportunities Adulthood Behaviour, opportunities Later adulthood New life choices, revised identity Understanding the Self - The self is the individual viewed as both the source and the object of reflexive behaviour - The self is active (initiates reflexive behaviour) and passive (object toward whom reflexive behaviour is directed
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- The active aspect of self is the I , and the object of self-action is the me The Nature and Genesis of Self - The self is the source of action when we plan, observer, and control our own behaviour - The self is the object of action when we think about who we are Mead: Action and Internal Dialogue Mead portrays action as guided by an internal dialogues - People engage in conversation in their minds as they regulate their behaviour - They use words and images to symbolize their ideas about themselves, others, their actions, and others’ responses to them There are three capacities human beings must acquire in order to engage inaction: 1. Ability to differentiate themselves from other persons 2. See themselves and their own actions as if through others’ eyes 3. Use a symbol system or language for inner thought Generalized Other - A conception of attitudes and expectations held in common by the members of the groups - When we imagine what the group expect of us, we are taking the role of the generalized other - We are also concerned with the generalized other when we wonder what people would say or what society’s standards demand Cooley: Looking Glass The most important looking glasses for children are their parents and family, and later, their playmates - These are a child’s significant others - those whose reflected views have greatest influence on the child’s self-concepts Play and The Game Media identifies two stages of social experience leading to the emergence of the self in children - In the play stage, children imitate activities of people around them - In the game stage, children enter organized activities such as games of house, school and team sports
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  • Fall '12
  • Sociology, Theoretical Analysis of Culture

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